Answer To: Assessment 3: EssaySee assessment 3 folder for full detailsTask: The task is comprised of three...
Ayan answered on Jan 25 2023
WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT 2
Table of contents
Q1. What is the biopsychosocial model of mental health and how does it influence our treatment of mental illness? 3
Q2. Discus how and why Behavioural Activation can help people experiencing symptoms of depression. 5
Q3. Discuss the impact of caring on caregiver’s mental health, and discuss one intervention that nurses can use to support caregivers. 7
Q1. What is the biopsychosocial model of mental health and how does it influence our treatment of mental illness?
An explanation of how a person's biology, psychology, and social environment interact to affect their mental health and well-being is provided by the biopsychosocial model of mental health. The paradigm contends that rather than having a single cause, mental disease results from a complicated interaction of these three elements (Porter, 2020). The biological aspect of the approach relates to how physical variables like heredity, hormones, and environment affect mental health. Both the presence of certain genetic predispositions and the effects of physical diseases on mental health may fall under this category. For instance, studies have suggested that persons with particular genetic variants may be more likely to have mental health issues like sadness or anxiety. The development of mental health symptoms can also be influenced by physical diseases including thyroid problems.
The model's psychological component discusses the function of cognitive and emotional processes in maintaining mental health. Stress, trauma, and other psychological issues may have an effect on mental health. For instance, research has revealed that individuals who have gone through traumatic experiences, such as physical or sexual abuse, are more likely to encounter mental health issues like post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Additionally, studies have demonstrated that stress can influence the onset and progression of mental health issues including depression and anxiety (Bolton, 2022). The social aspect of the paradigm relates to how societal circumstances affect mental health. This may involve elements like poverty, social isolation, and a lack of assistance. For instance, studies have shown that those who live in poverty are more likely to have mental health issues including sadness and anxiety. Social isolation can also contribute to the emergence and aggravation of mental health issues.
By promoting a comprehensive approach to treatment, the biopsychosocial model has changed how we approach the treatment of mental illness. Practitioners adopting the biopsychosocial approach consider a person's biological, psychological, and social aspects that may be causing their condition rather than only treating the symptoms of a mental illness. This may entail treating underlying physical illnesses, treating psychological problems like stress or trauma, and treating social concerns like deprivation of resources or a lack of support. The biopsychosocial paradigm also emphasizes the value of treating the entire individual in addition to their condition (Frazier, 2020). This implies that while creating a treatment plan, professionals utilizing this approach consider the patient's total well-being, including their physical health, social support, and personal aspirations.
For instance, a doctor may employ a mix of medicine, counseling, and social support to treat the symptoms of depression in a patient. Any underlying biological issues, such as unbalanced neurotransmitters, can be addressed with medication. Any psychological problems that may be causing the depression, such as unresolved trauma or negative thought patterns, can be addressed with therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy. Social support is also crucial, since those who have robust social networks tend to fare better while coping with mental illness. The biopsychosocial approach also urges clinicians to take into account the cultural setting in which a patient's mental health issues are occurring. The culture and environment in which a person lives has an impact on their mental health, and cultural elements like race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic position can influence how mental health disorders are identified and treated. For instance, certain cultures may stigmatize mental health issues, which can make it challenging for people to get care. Additionally, various cultural perspectives on the causes and effective treatments for mental health issues may exist.
The biopsychosocial model of mental health emphasizes the significance of taking into account the interaction of biological, psychological, and social elements in order to comprehend...