Constructed observational studies: the folder lalonde contains data from an observational study constructed by LaLonde (1986) based on a randomized experiment that evaluated the effect on earnings of...

1 answer below »

Constructed observational studies: the folder lalonde contains data from an observational study constructed by LaLonde (1986) based on a randomized experiment that evaluated the effect on earnings of a job training program called National Supported Work. The constructed observational study was formed by replacing the randomized control group with a comparison group formed using data from two national public-use surveys: the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the Panel Study in Income Dynamics.


Dehejia and Wahba (1999) used a subsample of these data to evaluate the potential efficacy of propensity score matching. The subsample they chose removes men for whom only one pre-treatment measure of earnings is observed. (There is substantial evidence in the economics literature that controlling for earnings from only one pre-treatment period is insufficient to satisfy ignorability.) This exercise replicates some of Dehejia and Wahba’s findings based on the CPS comparison group.


(a) Estimate the treatment effect from the experimental data in two ways: (i) a simple difference in means between treated and control units, and (ii) a regression-adjusted estimate (that is, a regression of outcomes on the treatment indicator as well as predictors corresponding to the pre-treatment characteristics measured in the study).


(b) Now use a regression analysis to estimate the causal effect from Dehejia and Wahba’s subset of the constructed observational study. Examine the sensitivity of the model to model specification (for instance, by excluding the employed indicator variables or by including interactions). How close are these estimates to the experimental benchmark?


(c) Now estimate the causal effect from the Dehejia and Wahba subset using propensity score matching. Do this by first trying several different specifications for the propensity score model and choosing the one that you judge to yield the best balance on the most important covariates. Perform this propensity score modeling without looking at the estimated treatment effect that would arise from each of the resulting matching procedures. For the matched dataset you construct using your preferred model, report the estimated treatment effects using the difference-in-means and regressionadjusted methods described in part (a) of this exercise. How close are these estimates to the experimental benchmark (about
1800)?


(d) Assuming that the estimates from (b) and (c) can be interpreted causally, what causal effect does each estimate? (Hint: what populations are we making inferences about for each of these estimates?)


(e) Redo both the regression and the matching exercises, excluding the variable for earnings in 1974 (two time periods before the start of this study). How important does the earnings-in-1974 variable appear to be in terms of satisfying the ignorability assumption?

Answered 130 days AfterDec 13, 2021

Answer To: Constructed observational studies: the folder lalonde contains data from an observational study...

Mohd answered on Apr 22 2022
94 Votes
SOLUTION.PDF

Answer To This Question Is Available To Download

Related Questions & Answers

More Questions »

Submit New Assignment

Copy and Paste Your Assignment Here