Cultural Diversity for the Criminal Justice Professional - 2
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(In your own words, referencing)
Week 9: Week Nine - Individual Work
Only 100 words
|Only 100 words |
|Instructional Objectives for this activity*|
Analyze various issues in reducing hate crimes and gang activity.
|Research a case in your area that involved a hate crime investigated by law enforcement. Explain the case. Describe the outcome. Was the case solved? Do you think the case was biased by the police? Please cite your sources.|
Your completed assignment should be only 100 words , double-spaced, in a 10-12 point Times Roman font.
Read Chapter 12,"Hate/Bias Crimes: Reporting, Monitoring, and Response Strategies,” pages XXXXXXXXXX
Data must be collected at local levels and sent in a standardized fashion to state and national clearinghouse so that proper resources may be allocated to hate/ bias crime investigations, prosecutions, and victim assistance. Such a system provides information necessary not only to the criminal justice system but also to public policymakers, civil rights activists, legislators, victim advocates, and the general public. The data, if comprehensive and accurate, provide a reliable statistical picture of the problem. Another, and possibly the most important, rationale for expending energy on tracking, analyzing, investigating, and prosecuting these crimes is that a single incident can be the tragedy of a lifetime to its victim and may also be the spark that disrupts an entire community.
Hate/ Bias crimes reporting
Purpose of hate/ Bias crime Data Collection
Establishing a good reporting system within public organizations (human relations commissions) and the justice system is essential in every area of the county. Hate/ bias data are collected to help police:
- Identify current and potential problems (trends)
- Respond to the needs of diverse communities
- Recruit a diverse force
- Train criminal justice personnel on the degree of the problem and the reasons for priority response.
Addressing Hate crimes: Six Initiatives That Are Enhancing the Efforts of Criminal Justice Practitioners.” The monograph highlights sex BJA-funded projects that demonstrated the creativity and deep commitment of local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies in leading the nation’s effort to combat bias-motivated crime. It identifies projects that support police and prosecutorial agencies in responding to hate crime and support police and prosecutorial agencies in responding to monograph (NCL 179559), CONTACT THE National Criminal Justice Reference Service at www.ncjrs.gov.
Monitoring the Media:
Minority organizations and the criminal justice must monitor the media, which can be a foe or an ally. The media must be used be used strategically for education and publicity about hate/bias crimes incidents, about multicultural and multiracial workshops, and about festivals and other cultural events. They must be monitored in terms editorials of letters to the editor pertaining to an affected group should be countered and rebutted by op-ed pieces from within management of the involved criminal justice agency. Organization leaders or their designated spoke sons should make themselves available as the primary sources of information for reporters to contact.
Federal, State, and County Programs;
Police executives should seek out every sources of federal. State and county law enforcement assistance programs and make the information available to investigators and / or task forces investigating or preventing hate crimes.
CHURCHES, MOSQUES, AND SYNAGOGUES:
WHERE THE USUAL SUPPORT ORGANIZATIONS (ACLU, NAACP, and ADL) do not exist and sometimes even where they do, churches, masques, and synagogues often are advocates for people facing discrimination and / or who are victims of a hate incident or crime. For example, the Concord, California Hispanic Ministry acts frequently as an advocate for Lotions with tenant- landlord problems in addition to providing Spanish- language masses, family counseling, and religious classes.
Unintended Renaults of Data Collection:
In some agencies, when mandatory data collection was instituted, the number of traffic tickets dropped precipitously as officers, wary of being accused of racial profiling, stopped fewer people. This occurred, for example, in Houston and Cincinnati. In some other agencies, officers refused to fill out the forms or made mistakes, which made the data unusable. The officers complained that the collection process that officers who use racial profiling because they are prejudiciced will never fill out the form. There are examples of cities in which police officers are so fearful of the possibility of being accused of being racist if they stop a person of color that they avoid making contact even if a violation or minor crime is being committed. If accusations begin to control policing, public safety suffers. Some agencies have equipped their patrol vehicles with video cameras and audio recording devices to provide evidence of the action of their officers in the event of complaints.
ALTHOUGH THE TERM RACIAL PROFILING WAS FIRST USED IN ASSOIATION WITH THE New Jersey State Police stopping indicduals along Interstate 95 in the early 1990s, there have been complaints about this practice for decades in the United States.
When the issue of racial profiling came to the attention of the public and of law enforcement in the 1990s, there was agreement on a definition, so it was difficult to develop approaches to prevent the practice.
Many police and sheriffs’ departments across the nation as well as federal law enforcement agencies have adopted policies cover accountability and supervision; recruitment and hiring; education and training; outreach to the minority community; professional traffic stops; and data collection on race and ethnicity.
To be legally defensible and professional, traffic stops must be part of a well- structured organizational policy that prohibits discriminatory practices; officer training must include a component on racial profiling; traffic stop data must be collected if there is a community concern about police bias; and officers must be held accountable by their supervisors. Any data collected must be analyzed using appropriate benchmarks.
Shusta, R. M. Levine, D.R., (2010. Multicultural law enforcement: Strategies for peacekeeping in a diverse society. 5th edition. New Jersey: Pearson.