Answer To: (funmi) Please follow project information and student want plagiarism report The Effect of Child...
Somprikta answered on May 26 2021
THE EFFECT OF CHILD LABOUR IN NIGERIA
Table of Contents
A. Development Problems 3
A1. Macro Level 3
Development Problem at Sectoral/Sub Sectoral Level 3
A2. Micro Level 3
Development at Level where Project can Provide Solution 3
B. Target Beneficiaries 4
B1. Who identified the development problem? 4
B2. Target Beneficiaries 5
C. Pre and Post Project Situations 5
C1. Pre Project Situation 5
C2. Post Project Situation 6
D. Special Considerations 7
E. Other Donors 8
F. Development Objective 9
G. Major Elements 9
H. Project Strategy 11
Direct Recipients Benefitting from the Programme 11
I. Host Country Commitment 11
J. Potential Risks 11
At the Outset of the Programme 11
During the Programme 11
K. Inputs/ Budget 12
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A. Development Problems
A1. Macro Level
Development Problem at Sectoral/Sub Sectoral Level
The problem of child abuse and exploitation by parents or other adults has taken the form of child labour in Nigeria. The children belonging to the urban regions of the country are exposed to the problems of child labour in Nigeria where the problem is more prevalent due to a number of reasons. Absence of proper schooling and lack of effective child care are contributary causes of streetism, one of the most common consequences of streetism being child labour. According to Loewenberg (2018), it is important that every child is protected against every form of exploitation, indecent or degrading treatment which is inclusive of child labour, abduction and sales. It has been observed, however, that children between the age group of 5 to 17 years are being lured and compelled economically and physically to be a part of child labour. According to UNICEF (2020), nearly 1 in 10 children are subjected to child labour worldwide, that amounts to around 152 million children across the world. In most of the cases the children are exposed to hazardous tasks.
In the suburb of Agege, a local governmental area in the Ikeja division of Lagos State, Nigeria, the problem of child labour is highly prevalent. As a result of financial challenges and uncertainties such as, sudden illness of a caregiver or loss of employment of the primary wage earner in a family, the children of the suburb have been driven towards child labour. Health issues have been observed in the children who work tirelessly in the various child labour centres. Child labour has also shown to interfere with psychosocial development as well as education in children. Moreover, as previously mentioned, child labour can inflict extreme bodily harm and injuries as a result of the hazardous forms of work to which the children are exposed. In addition to that, according to Adonteng-Kissi (2018) children also suffer from mental illness as well as are restricted from healthcare benefits, thereby limiting their fundamental rights and threatens their future.
A2. Micro Level
Development at Level where Project can Provide Solution
The various socio-economic problems that are leading to the prevalent issue of child labour are lack of employment of the parents, poverty as well as lack of education. The project aims to bring together a certain number of local members, that is, families of the community residing in the Agege region in order to bring about a change. The basic lookout of the programme is intended to help the parents gain economic independence and become empowered so that they are capable of providing for their families rather than sending their children for labour. In the programme, 500 local families will be selected among the different communities in Agege region where they will be offered various skill-based training as well as entrepreneurial education. In addition to that, the selected families of the communities will be funded with a certain amount of money so that they are able to start small businesses for establishing their financial independence. The programme aims to deal with the various factors leading to child labour such as unemployment and lack of education through the means of training and a comprehensive and detailed knowledge regarding the ways to avoid sending children for labour. The worst sort of child labour occurs in various forms such as street hawking, drug peddling, slavery practices in child domestic servitude and other industries. Awareness, education and financial support can help families deal with the issue of child labour.
B. Target Beneficiaries
B1. Who identified the development problem?
The development problem of child labour has been identified by the reports produced by Department of Educational Psychology (2017) and the reports of International Labour Organisation (2017). According to the report produced by International Labour Office (2017), out of 152 million children engaged in child labour, 73 million were working in the hazardous field. In addition to that, 19.6% children in Africa are undergoing child labour (International Labour Office, 2017). From the reports provided by International Labour Office (2017), it has been observed that globally 58% boys and 42% girls are experiencing child labour, which amounts to 88 million boys and 64 million girls respectively. The laws are extremely effective in safeguarding the children from exposing in street hawking, drug peddling and other offences.
Of the entire aggregate, 48% children belong to the age group of 5 to 11 years, 28% to the age group of 12 to 14 years and 24% to the age group of 15 to 17 years. Based on the reports of International Labour Office (2017), it has been observed that child labour in Africa has witnessed a rise from 2012 to 2016 in stark contrast to other areas where the instances of child has effectively diminished due to the implementation of laws, regulations and policies. In Africa, despite the implementation of stringent targeted policies by the African government, the prevalence of child labour has increased over time. According to Uyanga, Ekpo and Udim (2019), child labour often denies children the opportunity of being educationally developed as they are unable to attend school punctually and on a regular basis. The authors are of the opinion that education ought to be valued in Nigeria as it can act as an instrument of national, developmental and social change.
B2. Target Beneficiaries
The target beneficiaries in this programme would be the selected 500 families of the Agege region of Nigeria. To be more specific, the children belonging to the age group of 5 to 17 years will be benefited as a result of this programme. In addition to that, the parents of the selected families will also be benefited as they will be offered training based on their specific skills as well as provided entrepreneurial education. Along with training and education, the parents of the selected families will also receive a definite amount of payment so that they are capable of starting small businesses in an individual manner to become self-sustaining as well as able to provide for their families. Other beneficiaries of the programme will include the different communities of the Agege region of Nigeria who will be made aware of the issues and causes associated with child labour by the educated and trained members belonging to the selected 500 families.
C. Pre and Post Project Situations
C1. Pre Project Situation
The issue of poverty is one of the most significant underlying causes of child labour in Nigeria. According to Corral et al. (2020), increased poverty amounting to as much as 70% is responsible for various social and economic problems such as trafficking, child labour and so on. As a result of poverty, the parents who are unemployed or suffering from serious illnesses are unable to provide for their families and children, thereby forcing children between the age group of 5 to 17 years to perform child labour in a variety of forms such as hawkers, beggars, bus conductors and even in worst forms which includes street hawking, herding of livestock, drug peddling as well as child trafficking, child prostitution and so on.
In addition to that, children who work as child labour generally come from uneducated families where the parents are uneducated and unaware of the consequences and implications of child labour. According to Olagunju, Ogunniyi and Olufadewa (2018), lack of education among parents and children also makes the children prey to the problems of child labour. It has been observed by Mügge and No (2017), that 4.3 million children aged below 18 years are compelled to be a part of forced labour. This is intricately associated with lack of education on the part of both parents and children as they are unable to raise voice against the issue because of their shortcomings. The parents of the children undergoing child labour are also least informed about the rights and health aspects of children. As a result of their lack of knowledge, they are unable to exercise their rights. As a result of this, children who undergo tremendous physical ailments and mental problems to the extent that they even experience death as a result of child labour, are deemed to be the greatest sufferers in the entire cycle.
The cultural background of Nigeria is also responsible for the rise in the rates of child labour. According to Ganser (2020), cultural background has a huge role to play in case of...