FINAL ASSESSMENT Student Number: (enter on the line below) Student Name: (enter on the line below) HI5013 MANAGING ACROSS BORDERS final assessmeNt Trimester 1, 2022 Assessment Weight: 50 total marks...

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FINAL ASSESSMENTStudent Number: (enter on the line below)Student Name: (enter on the line below)HI5013MANAGING ACROSS BORDERSfinal assessmeNtTrimester 1, 2022Assessment Weight: 50 total marksInstructions:· All questions must be answered by using the answer boxes provided in this paper.· Completed answers must be submitted to Blackboard by the published due date and time.Please ensure you follow the submission instructions at the end of this paper.Purpose:This assessment consists of six (6) questions and is designed to assess your level of knowledge of the key topics covered in this unit.HI5013 Final Assessment T1 2022 Question 1(11 Marks)American companies form the majority of MNCs (multi-national corporations). On the other hand, many people believe that Americans are poorly equipped to assist an organisation to enter into a non-American culture.i) Explain the characteristics of the American culture that would prohibit understanding and empathetic behavior towards another culture. (5 Marks)ANSWER i): ** Answer box will enlarge as you typeii) Explain the Uppsala model and how it assists organisations to expand globally. (6 Marks)ANSWER ii): Question 2(7 Marks)Though many MNCs espouse and follow rigid codes of social responsibility in their home countries they are often not as diligent with respect to ‘host’ or overseas countries. In 1984 the Bhopal disaster in Madhya Pradesh, India killed 3,787 and impacted a further 558,125 people. The corporation in question was Union Carbide, a majority USA owned company. Indian courts convicted the Chairman and other senior executives of “…causing death by negligence”.i) Why do you believe that Union Carbide had a less stringent policy in India with respect to negligence than they did in the USA?ANSWER i): ii) What is the way to fix this situation? Explain whether it is legislation or cultural change from MNCs that is requiredANSWER ii):Question 3(7 marks)Communication has undergone a revolution in the past 20 years. Today, using various technologies, executives can speak with offshore subsidiaries in host countries on a 24/7 basis. Often these executives do not have a deep cultural or social understanding of the region or the host country. i. What are some of the common issues which get in the way of understanding. Use the model of communication to answer this question. (2 Marks)ANSWER i): ii. This easy communication has also allowed executives in head offices to impose their own decision making onto the managing executives in the host countries and in many situations over ruling the decisions of the host country executives. Comment whether this is positive or a negative for the MNC. (5 Marks)ANSWER ii): Question 4(7 marks)Suppose you are a strategic planning consultant and you have been called in to assist in the evaluation of a new country entry strategy for a company. What are the criteria you would investigate? ANSWER: Question 5(7 Marks) It is often a momentous decision for a successful national company to become an MNC. What are the stages that a company can pass through prior to establishing a 100% home office owned business in a host country? ANSWER: Question 6(11 Marks) In the 1970s, Nestle the Swiss based MNC manufacturer and distributor of food and beverage products, was accused of ‘hooking’ mothers of Africa onto the use of infant formula powdered milk for their babies rather than mothers’ breast milk. Given the powder had to be mixed with water and African water was impure many babies died.The structure of the Nestle organisation in Africa contained separate product, marketing and sales functions. It was a standalone business entity. So, the sales and product executives in Switzerland were not aware that the infant powdered milk was being ‘mis-sold’ and ‘mis-represented’ leading to dead African babies. Many commentators believed that it was the structure of the African business that was to blame as it had no oversight from Switzerland.It is fair to say that Nestle made significant and profound changes to its governance structure after this event. i. Explain what you believe could have been lacking in the Nestle Africa business. Did they make an unsafe product to meet a need which did not really exist? (4 Marks)ANSWER i): ii. Consider whether Nestle was responsible for setting up a standalone subsidiary in Africa with little oversight. Define what you would consider to be a more appropriate structure. Think of the need for strong product support from a well-resourced head office. (7 Marks)ANSWER ii): END OF FINAL ASSESSMENTSubmission instructions:· Save submission with your STUDENT ID NUMBER and UNIT CODE e.g. JCW1234 HI5013 · Submission must be in MICROSOFT WORD format only· Upload your submission to the appropriate link on Blackboard · You have two attempts to submit your assessment with only the final submission being marked. Please ensure your submission is the correct document as special consideration is not given if you make a mistake.· All submissions are automatically passed through SafeAssign to assess academic integrity.
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FINAL ASSESSMENT

Student Number: (enter on the line below)
Student Name: (enter on the line below)

HI5013
MANAGING ACROSS BORDERS
final assessmeNt
Trimester 1, 2022
Assessment Weight:     50 total marks
Instructions:
· All questions must be answered by using the answer boxes provided in this paper.
· Completed answers must be submitted to Blackboard by the published due date and time.
Please ensure you follow the submission instructions at the end of this paper.
Purpose:
This assessment consists of six (6) questions and is designed to assess your level of
knowledge of the key topics covered in this unit.
            
        
HI5013 Final Assessment T1 2022
    
Question 1    (11 Marks)

American companies form the majority of MNCs (multi-national corporations). On the other hand, many people believe that Americans are poorly equipped to assist an organisation to enter into a non-American culture.
i) Explain the characteristics of the American culture that would prohibit understanding and empathetic behavior towards another culture. (5 Marks)
ANSWER i): ** Answer box will enlarge as you type
Companies and people are always giving importance to the concept of culture. While analysing the case of American companies we can understand that they are not good in dealing with the people from other culture (Banks 2022). One of the major characteristics of American culture is that they believe in equal opportunity and they did not give importance to environment. Lack of cultural awareness is another issue and they create different problems in the organization (Patino et al 2022). Lack of cultural awareness prohibit understanding and empathetic behavior towards another culture. American also give more importance to financial aspects and they are not ready consider the human needs
ii) Explain the Uppsala model and how it assists organisations to expand globally. (6 Marks)
ANSWER ii):
The Uppsala model is one of the most well-known models of how corporations begin the process of internationalization. It has a sequential method, which means that the company internationalizes gradually. The approach presupposes a lack of foreign market expertise, which is averse to internationalization. As a result, it advises that a business first establish itself in its native market, and then gradually develop its commitment and resources in the target nation, proceeding to the next step after a sufficient awareness and knowledge of the foreign market circumstances has been attained (Sun et al 2022). The company IKEA used the model for managing the international operations and for expanding globally in a most effective way. Uppsala model helps the organizations for understanding the changes in international market and it also helps the organizations for making changes in the international strategic plans and operations.
Question 2    (7 Marks)
Though many MNCs espouse and follow rigid codes of social responsibility in their home countries they are often not as diligent with respect to ‘host’ or overseas countries. In 1984 the Bhopal disaster in Madhya Pradesh, India killed 3,787 and impacted a further 558,125 people. The corporation in question was Union Ca
ide, a majority USA owned company. Indian courts convicted the Chairman and other senior executives of “…causing death by negligence”.
i) Why do you believe that Union Ca
ide had a less stringent policy in India with respect to negligence than they did in the USA?
ANSWER i):
US and other developed countries select developing countries for acquiring the resources and for running the business in a cost-effective way. While analysing the case of Union Ca
ide, the company selected India because of the following reasons;
Less cost for the land
Cheap labou
Maintenance cost is less
Lack of effective legal rules and practices
Bribing the government officials
While comparing the rules and regulations in India versus US we can understand that US follows strict policies and regulations and in India the companies have the freedom for not following the rules. In India they gained the support of political party and also gained the support of the government for running their business and they were not interested in implementing effective policies and practices for protecting the life of the people and environment. The company was failed to implement quality systems and most of the safety systems were not working (Nobile et al 2022). In US if the company is not following the rules, it will directly hinder the day-to-day activities of the organisation.
In India they can easily convince the quality inspectors and employees and they are not event considered about the life of the people.
ii) What is the way to fix this situation? Explain whether it is legislation or cultural change from MNCs that is required
ANSWER ii):
Lack of facility and poor-quality items was the major reason for the incident and Indian government and company people were not serious about issue. For fixing this situation in an effective way, the Indian government has to implement strict rules and regulations and they have to charge penalties or provide punishments to the corporations who violates the rules. The companies a government has to give importance to legislation for avoiding these kinds of incidents (Nobile et al 2022). Regularly the government has to check the quality of the equipment’s and systems available in the organization.
Legislation always helps for making changes and for following the exact rules and regulations. Cultural change does not create much difference, we have to give importance to legal rules and regulations.
Question 3    (7 marks)
Communication has undergone a revolution in the past 20 years. Today, using various technologies, executives can speak with offshore subsidiaries in host countries on a 24/7 basis. Often these executives do not have a deep cultural or social...
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