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NICK JAMESBUSINESS LAWFIFTH EDITIONJAMES | THOMAS© John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. Not for resale or distribution. Any unauthorised distribution or use will result in legal action.ii“FMPrelims_print” — 2019/8/21 — 9:49 — page i — #1 iiiiiiBusiness lawFIFTH EDITIONNickolas JamesPdf_Folio:i© John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. Not for resale or distribution. Any unauthorised distribution or use will result in legal action.ii“FMPrelims_print” — 2019/8/21 — 9:49 — page ii — #2 iiiiiiFifth edition published 2020 byJohn Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd42 McDougall Street, Milton Qld 4064Typeset in 10/12pt Times LT Std© Nickolas James 2010, 2012, 2014, 2017, 2020The moral rights of the author have been asserted.Reproduction and Communication for educational purposesThe Australian Copyright Act 1968 (the Act) allows a maximum of 10% of the pages of this work or — where this book is divided into chapters — one chapter, whichever is the greater, to be reproduced and/or communicated by any educational institution for its educational purposes provided that the educational institution (or the body that administers it) has given a remuneration notice to Copyright Agency Limited (CAL).Reproduction and Communication for other purposesExcept as permitted under the Act (for example, a fair dealing for the purposes of study, research, criticism or review), no part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, communicated or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written permission. All inquiries should be made to the publisher.The authors and publisher would like to thank the copyright holders, organisations and individuals for their permission to reproduce copyright material in this book.Every effort has been made to trace the ownership of copyright material. Information that will enable the publisher to rectify any error or omission in subsequent editions will be welcome. In such cases, please contact the Permissions Section of John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.Terry Burkitt (Director, Publishing and Course Development), Mark Levings (Executive Publisher), Kylie Challenor (Senior Manager, Knowledge & Learning Content Management), Jess Carr (Production Editor), Emily Echlin (Publishing Coordinator), Emily Brain (Production Assistant), Renee Bryon (Copyright & Image Research Supervisor), Delia Sala (Cover Design)Cover image: © Travel mania / Shutterstock.comTypeset in India by diacriTechPrinted in Singapore byMarkono Print Media Pte Ltd10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1%%%%%Pdf_Folio:ii© John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. Not for resale or distribution. Any unauthorised distribution or use will result in legal action.ii“FMPrelims_print” — 2019/8/21 — 9:49 — page iii — #3 iiiiiiBRIEF CONTENTSPreface ixAbout the author xiiHow to use this text xiiiAbbreviations xviCases xxStatutes xxviPART 1 Foundations 11. Business and the law 22. The Australian legal system 273. Politicians and judges 634. How to find, understand and use the law 110PART 2 Legal consequences 1555. Deliberately causing harm 1566. Carelessly causing harm 1897. Contract law: formation of the contract 2208. Contract law: terms of the contract 2549. Contract law: enforcement of the contract 28610. Contract law: working with agents 31611. Dealing with consumers 34312. Dealing with competitors 38813. Protecting IP 417PART 3 Managing a business 46314. Managing a business: start-up 46415. Managing a business: business ownership 49616. Managing a business: companies and corporate governance 53217. Managing a business: making payments and recovering debts 56618. Managing a business: insurance and taxes 59719. Managing a business: employing workers 61820. Managing a business: closing down 643Index 676Pdf_Folio:iii© John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. Not for resale or distribution. Any unauthorised distribution or use will result in legal action.ii“FMPrelims_print” — 2019/8/21 — 9:49 — page iv — #4 iiiiiiCONTENTSPreface ixAbout the author xiiHow to use this text xiiiAbbreviations xviCases xxStatutes xxviPART 1Foundations 1CHAPTER 1Business and the law 2Introduction 31.1 Law and the business person 4Law and personal life 4Law and business 4Law in the media 5Law in popular culture 51.2 The nature of law 5Defining law 6The purpose of law 7The categories of law 11The changing law 141.3 Justice, ethics and politics 15Law and justice 15Law, ethics and morality 17Law and politics 19Too much law? 20Summary 23Quiz 23Exercises 24Key terms 25Acknowledgements 26CHAPTER 2The Australian legalsystem 27Introduction 282.1 The Australian legal system 29Key characteristics of the system 29The history of the system 352.2 The Australian Constitution 42Structure of the Constitution 42Constitutional conventions 44Federal and State relations 44Regulating the Territories 47Changing the Constitution 482.3 The executive government 49The Governor-General and the StateGovernors 50The Executive Council and theCabinet 51Challenging the executivegovernment 52Delegated legislation 55Summary 58Quiz 58Exercises 59Key terms 60Acknowledgements 62CHAPTER 3Politicians and judges 63Introduction 643.1 The legislature 65The nature of parliament 653.2 Parliament in operation 69How laws are made 69Resolving deadlocks 72Types of legislation 743.3 The judiciary 75The Australian court system 76Court processes 843.4 The doctrine of precedent 96Do judges make law? 96Precedent 97Common law and equity 993.5 Alternative dispute resolution 100Summary 103Quiz 103Exercises 104Key terms 105Acknowledgements 109CHAPTER 4How to find, understand anduse the law 110Introduction 1114.1 Finding the law 112Legal research 112Primary legal materials 113Secondary legal materials 1164.2 Reading the law 116The relevant elements 117Interpreting the law 1234.3 Thinking like a lawyer 137Inductive and deductive reasoning 138How to solve a legal problem 1384.4 Writing like a lawyer 142Legal writing 142Drafting a letter 143Drafting a simple contract 145Summary 149Quiz 149Exercises 150Key terms 152Acknowledgements 153Pdf_Folio:iv© John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. Not for resale or distribution. Any unauthorised distribution or use will result in legal action.ii“FMPrelims_print” — 2019/8/21 — 9:49 — page v — #5 iiiiiiPART 2Legal consequences 155CHAPTER 5Deliberately causingharm 156Introduction 1575.1 Causing harm 157Criminal liability 158Tortious liability 159Contractual liability 159Statutory liability 160Vicarious liability 1605.2 Deliberately causing harm to personor property 161Criminal liability 161The tort of trespass 163The tort of nuisance 168The tort of defamation 1705.3 Deliberately causing financial harm 174Criminal liability 175The tort of deceit 176The tort of passing off 177The tort of intimidation 178The tort of interference with contractualrelations 1785.4 The consequences of causing harm 179Criminal consequences 179Civil consequences 180Summary 184Quiz 184Exercises 185Key terms 186Acknowledgements 188CHAPTER 6Carelessly causingharm 189Introduction 1906.1 Carelessly causing harm to personor property 190The tort of negligence 1916.2 Carelessly causing financial harm 211Harm to the person or property of athird party 211Defective products 212Negligent misstatement 212Summary 216Quiz 216Exercises 217Key terms 219Acknowledgements 219CHAPTER 7Contract law: formation ofthe contract 220Introduction 2217.1 Contracts 2227.2 Requirement 1: agreement 222Offer 223Acceptance 227Conditional agreements 2317.3 Requirement 2: intention 232Presumptions 232Preliminary agreements 234‘Mere puff’ 2347.4 Requirement 3: consideration 235Consideration need not beadequate 236Consideration must be sufficient 237Deeds 240Practical benefits test 240Promissory estoppel 2407.5 Formalities 2437.6 Capacity to contract 244Minors 244Persons lacking intellectual capacity 2467.7 Legality 247Illegality under common law 247Statutory illegality 248Summary 250Quiz 250Exercises 251Key terms 252Acknowledgements 253CHAPTER 8Contract law: terms ofthe contract 254Introduction 2558.1 Express terms 256In writing and signed 256Reasonable notice before the contractis formed 2578.2 Terms implied by the court 2608.3 Statutory terms 262Contracts for the sale of goods 263Terms that protect the buyer 264Ownership, delivery, payment andacceptance 2688.4 Disclaimers 272Do disclaimers work? 2728.5 Unenforceable terms 274Terms limiting the court’sjurisdiction 275Terms imposing an unreasonable restraintof trade 275Pdf_Folio:vCONTENTS v© John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. 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Any unauthorised distribution or use will result in legal action.ii“FMPrelims_print” — 2019/8/21 — 9:49 — page vi — #6 iiiiii8.6 Non-contractual representationsand promises 276Parol evidence rule 277Breach of collateral contract 278Misrepresentation 278Breach of the ACL 279Unenforceable promises 280Summary 282Quiz 282Exercises 283Key terms 284Acknowledgements 285CHAPTER 9Contract law: enforcement ofthe contract 286Introduction 2879.1 Entitlement to enforce 287Privity of contract 287Time limits 2899.2 Unenforceable contracts: lackof consent 290Mistake 290Duress 293Undue influence 295Unconscionability 2969.3 Remedies 299Rescission 299Damages 303Equitable remedies 305Statutory remedies 3069.4 The end of the contract 307Agreement 307Frustration 307Summary 311Quiz 311Exercises 312Key terms 313Acknowledgements 315CHAPTER 10Contract law: workingwith agents 316Introduction 31710.1 Getting someone else to do it 31710.2 Scope of authority 320Express actual authority 320Implied actual authority 322Apparent authority 323Agency of necessity 324Authority by ratification 32610.3 The agent’s duties 326Duty to follow instructions 327Duty to communicate information 328Duty to act personally 328Duty of care 328Duty to act in the best interests ofthe principal 329Duty of confidentiality 330Duty to account 33010.4 The agent’s entitlements 331Remuneration 331Indemnity 332Lien 33210.5 Liability of agent and principal 333Personal liability of agent 333Vicarious liability of principal 33410.6 Concluding the agency 335Termination by the parties 335Automatic termination 335Summary 337Quiz 337Exercises 339Key terms 340Acknowledgements 342CHAPTER 11Dealing with consumers343Introduction 34411.1 Protecting consumers 34411.2 Dealing with consumers 347Consumer protection regulation 347General protections 350Specific protections 36111.3 Consequences of contravention 372Offences and penalties 372Defences 373Enforcement 373General remedies 374Consumer guarantees 375Codes of conduct 376Industry ombudsman 37611.4 Consumer privacy 377What is information privacy? 377Information privacy protection 377Summary 384Quiz 384Exercises 385Key terms 386Acknowledgements 387CHAPTER 12Dealing with competitors388Introduction 38912.1 Protecting competition 38912.2 Dealing with competitors 390Competition regulation 390Key concepts 392Pdf_Folio:vivi CONTENTS© John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. Not for resale or distribution. Any unauthorised
Answered 9 days AfterMay 23, 2022

Answer To: It's a online test.

Rochak answered on Jun 01 2022
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Question 1:
a.
Duty of Care
A duty of care is a legal obligation which is imposed on an individu
al, requiring a standard of reasonable care while performing any act that could foreseeably harm others (Civil Liability Act 1936). The ride givers owe a duty of care to the people who come to get a...
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