PowerPoint Presentation SESSION 3 2020 MNG00786 Assessment 1 Review Format:Short report Due date:Monday 7th December 9.00am QLD time Weighting:20% Word count:1000 (+/-10%) No. sources:Minimum...

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PowerPoint Presentation SESSION 3 2020 MNG00786 Assessment 1 Review Format:Short report Due date:Monday 7th December 9.00am QLD time Weighting:20% Word count:1000 (+/-10%) No. sources:Minimum seven (7) scholarly and scholarly references MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 2 Assessment 1 review The Task Against the backdrop of contextual differences compare and contrast three tasks and themes in HRM from either two regional or country group perspectives. Cultural issues should be noted. Main themes that are either debated in the literature or the subject of interest to practitioners include: recruitment and selection; pay and rewards; training and development; employment relations; employees’ contracts legal and psychological; flexible working practices; financial participation; performance management; and diversity management. MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 3 This assignment requires you to undertake desk research and wider reading/analysis. You are not required to interview anyone. However, you do need to access recent (past three to five years) scholarly and non-scholarly information from journals, books, and credible government/private enterprise, university and non-government organisations’ (NGOs) sites on the Internet (e.g. not Wikipedia). Remember: The International Journal of HRM is an excellent source but do not use this solely. MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 4 What you are aiming for Comparative HRM (CHRM) explores the extent to which HRM differs between different countries – or between different areas within a country or different regions of the world, such as North America, the Pacific Rim states or Europe (Brewster & Larsen 2000). We know that countries may have different labour markets and education systems, different employment laws and trade unions, and different cultural expectations. It should be no surprise, therefore, to find that employment systems differ noticeably between countries and that managing human resources can vary from country to country. MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 5 There are many classifications of regions: North America; Latin America and the Caribbean; Sub-Saharan Africa; North Africa and the Middle East; European Union; Central and Eastern Europe (non-EU) and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS); Indian subcontinent; South-east Asia; East Asia; the Pacific; and Australia and New Zealand. Country groups include: advanced economies, developing economies and emerging markets. Present this assignment in short report format, using headings, with at least one comparative table in the body of the essay that summarises your analysis. MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 6 Typical questions asked by comparative researchers: • How is HRM structured in individual countries? • What strategies are discussed? • What is actually put into practice? • What are the main differences and similarities between countries ? • To what extent are HRM policies influenced by national factors such as culture, government policy, and educational systems? MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 7 Marking criteria Purpose (20%) Identifies a relevant research topic and a thesis that provides direction for the paper that is engaging and thought provoking. The thesis clearly and concisely states the position, and is consistently the focal point throughout the paper. Presentation of a Table that compares and contrasts results for the two countries. 2. Analysis (30%) Evidence of understanding of convergence and divergence arguments in relation to comparative HRM. Robust and detailed exposition of the three HRM elements in two countries/regions. Culture is analysed in terms of the literature. 3. Research (20%) Provides compelling and accurate evidence to support in-depth the central position Research sources are highly relevant, accurate, and reliable and add to the strength of the paper. Reference to at least seven credible academic sources from the past three to five years. Integrating evidence (paraphrasing, synthesising and quotations). Referencing – in-text (citing) and reference list - follows the SCU Harvard style. 4. Structure (20%) Clear, logical structure that enhances the analysis. Cohesion between sentences and paragraphs is highly effective. Adherence to the word length (+ or – 10%). MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 8 Please use the SCU Harvard referencing style MNG00723 Assessment 1 review 9 Short report structure Introduction (5 – 10% word count) General statement or orientation to topic (the context) Purpose (the why) Thesis statement (the what) the sentence that states the main idea and helps control the ideas within the paper. It is not merely a topic. It often reflects an opinion or judgment that a writer has made about a reading or personal experience. Brief summary of the main topics/arguments/points made in the essay (the how) MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 10 Body (approx. 850 words) Minimum three paragraphs = 1 paragraph for each theme Please use headings to help the reader identify your key themes Conclusion (5 – 10% word count) Restatement or summary of the main points made in the body paragraphs and a final comment. References (new page) SCU Harvard MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 11 Compare and contrast structure The compare and contrast writing prompt requires you to compare two things that are similar yet different. By the end of the paper, you must reach a conclusion that explains the connections or differences you see between the two subjects. Choose themes that you can argue. Remember that you need to do more than just list how items are similar or different! Discuss both items equally. Remember to connect your ideas! One of the biggest problems that students run into with this type of assignment is not actually comparing the two countries – they end up simply summarising information about each one. One way to connect your ideas is to use transitional words and phrases that emphasise how items are similar or dissimilar. Use the conclusion to restate your thesis, to summarise your main points, and to tell your reader why your findings are significant. MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 12 There are two ways to organize a comparison and contrast essay. The first (and often the clearest) method is the Point-by-Point method. The second method is called the Block method. Both methods are described on this handout. Either one is acceptable – just make sure that you stick to whatever option you choose! MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 13 Point-by-point The Point-by-Point method alternates arguments about the two items (A and B) that you are comparing and/or contrasting. The pattern is as follows: Point 1 - discuss A Point 1 - discuss B Discussion about overall links between A and B Point 2 – discuss A Point 2 - discuss B Discussion about overall links between A and B Etc. This method is often easier for a reader to follow because similarities and differences are more obvious when placed next to each other. Block method The Block Method presents all arguments related to A, and then compares and/or contrasts them to all arguments related to B. This style is a little bit more difficult to use because there is so much space between points about A and points about B. The pattern is as follows: Point 1 about A Point 2 about A Point 1 about B (with discussion about connections to A) Point 2 about B (with discussion about connections to A) o Etc. Pointer: Make sure to present your points in the same order for A and B! MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 14 Common problems with the Block method There are a couple of common problems that students run into using this method: A lot of students end up simply listing everything about A and then everything about B without actually making connections between them. Students may include the connections in one paragraph towards the end of the report. Since your whole report is supposed to make these connections, you won’t be completing the assignment if you don’t include the comparisons throughout. To avoid these problems with this structure, make sure to include lots of transitional statements when discussing B, such as ‘In the same way’ or ‘In contrast to. This will help your reader to remember information about A, and to understand how A and B are related to each other. MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 15 Journals • Cross-cultural Research • European Journal of International Management • Global Strategy Journal • International Journal of Human Resource Management • International Marketing Review • Journal of International Business Studies • Journal of Management Studies • Management International Review • Sloan Management Review • European Business Review • Harvard Business Review MNG00723 Assessment 1 review 16 Websites •The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) website can provide updated information on transnational organisations: https://unctad.org/en/Pages/Meetings/UNCTAD-Conferences.aspx • CIPD international research: https://www.cipd.co.uk/knowledge/latest-research • OECD guidelines for multinational enterprises: https://www.oecd.org/corporate/mne/ • The International Labour Organisation publications and reports can be found at: https://www.ilo.org/global/lang--en/index.htm • The World Federation of People Management Associations website: https://wfpma.org/ • The CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ MNG00723 Assessment 1 review 17 MNG00786-3-20 Melinda Muir 18 Key Words for Compare and Contrast The following words signal that two pieces are being compared: also as well as both comparatively in the same way in addition just as like most important similarly the same as too The following words signal that two pieces are being contrasted: although besides but compared with conversely differ even though furthermore however in contrast to instead less than more than nevertheless notwithstanding on the other hand otherwise rather than regardless though unless unlike while yet Retrieved from the companion website for Teaching Evidence-Based Writing: Nonfiction by Leslie Blauman. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin, www.corwin.com. Copyright © 2017 by Leslie Blauman. All rights reserved. Reproduction authorized only for the local school site or nonprofit organization that has purchased this book. 1 [Introduction] Whether organisations and their HR practices are converging or becoming more similar or diverging in their practices is a matter of intense scholarly interest. In addition, the extent to which HR practices do in fact converge in line with what may be considered ‘best practices’ developed in Western societies is highly contested. Instead, cultural and institutional practices particular to each society have an important impact on determining HR practices. This report addresses compares and contrast three specific areas in comparative IHRM between Australia and China: talent management, diversity and training and development. The report begins by briefly summarising current knowledge on the convergence, and divergence debate. It then focuses on the three above- mentioned HR practices. A table summarising the key similarities and differences is presented. Contextualisation: set the scene Purpose Thesis statement Roadmap (indication of the order in which you will discuss three HR factors) [Body] [Paragraph 1] The convergence-divergence debate The convergence debate looks at the extent to which management practices are becoming similar across the world and, in the case of HRM, the degree to which the same HR policies and practices are being adopted. Those that support convergence suggest that as societies become more similar to one another values will eventually converge towards Western capitalism given that this is where most industrialisation has traditionally occurred (Smith 2008). On the other hand the divergence perspective points out the significant differences in culture, institutional and regulatory systems that limit such convergence (Brown 2015). As it applies to HRM, the question is whether convergence towards such values would ultimately result in a worldwide convergence of organisational
Answered Same DayDec 01, 2021MNG00786Southern Cross University

Answer To: PowerPoint Presentation SESSION 3 2020 MNG00786 Assessment 1 Review Format:Short report Due...

Arunavo answered on Dec 03 2021
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Table of Contents
Introduction    3
Concept of HRM    3
Concepts of HRM in United States and Europe    4
Conclusion    5
References    6
The concept of Human Resource Management started from America which is basically to manage the emplo
yees of the organization. This concept consists of the inter-related, inter-dependent and the interacting psychology. However, the concept of HRM changes from one place with respect to another place. There are various factors such as geographical factors, the nature of work, the demographical situation and many more aspects that create the difference. In this article the detailed similarities and differences between the HRM concept of Europe and United States will be discussed and the comparison between the similarities and differences will be discussed.
Concept of HRM
HRM is the concept which manages the workforce in the organization and brings the best out of them through different theories and policies. Viray (2018) have discussed that HRM is concerned with the dimension of the people in the management process. Every organization is made up of come people who provide their services and develop their skills along with getting motivated to the higher level of the performance and ensure the same level of commitment is maintained for the organization. A proper procuring of people and managing them to achieve the organizational goals is called as the function of HRM (Kellner et al.).
With any organization operation there are certain objectives that need to be accomplished. The primary objective of HRM is:
· To help the organization to attain the goals in an efficient manner and thus providing a group of competent and motivated employees.
· To properly manage and utilize the available human resources in the organization.
· To develop a environment where the quality of life is maintained which will make the employees in the organization to become desirable and social situation.
· HRM increases the employee’s job satisfaction and self-actualisation to fullest.
· HRM helps in maintaining the ethical policies and the behaviour inside and outside the organization.
· It helps to establish a cordial relationship among the employees and the management in the organization.
· It helps in reconciling the goals of an individual employee or group of employees with the goals of the organization.
Concepts of HRM in United States and Europe
Every country has different set of HR policies based on which the company functions. Stark and Poppler (2017) have discussed that the HRM in U.S. stress on high degree of formalisation an is more focused on the total quality management. Employees in the US organizations are more committed on systematic process and procedures and they have been working based on certain benchmark standards in the industry regarding the purpose of quality. This total quality management will facilitate in improving the production efficiency and reducing the operation cost of the entire work done. Cassell (2017) have further added that there is...

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