Questions (choose one) 1. To what extent does anarchy limit the effectiveness of international law? Discuss with reference to at least one international treaty. 2. Discuss the claim that power, not...

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Questions (choose one)

1. To what extent does anarchy limit the effectiveness of international law? Discuss with reference to at least one international treaty.

2. Discuss the claim that power, not international law or international organisations, is what defines international politics. Relate your discussion to at least one issue area covered in this course (such as human rights, environment, global health or anti-terrorism).

3. To what extent can compliance with states’ international legal commitments be enforced? Discuss with reference to at least one international treaty.

4. Discuss the claim that states generally comply with their international commitments, even when they are ‘inconvenient’. Relate your discussion to at least one international treaty.

5. Discuss the claim that reputation is the most important mechanism enforcing international law. Relate your discussion to at least one issue area covered in this course (such as human rights, environment, global health or anti-terrorism).

6. Discuss the claim that the United Nations’ General Assembly resolutions have little influence on state behaviour. Relate your discussion to at least one issue area covered in this course (such as human rights, environment, global health or anti-terrorism).

7. Discuss the claim that activists and non-governmental organisations are as important as states in making international law. Discuss with reference to at least one issue area (such as human rights, environment, global health or anti-terrorism).

Answered 8 days AfterMay 09, 2022

Answer To : Questions (choose one) 1. To what extent does anarchy limit the effectiveness of international law?...

Deblina answered on May 17 2022
14 Votes
INTERNATIONAL LAW & STATES LAW: DISCUSS THE CLAIM THAT THE UNITED NATIONS’ GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTIONS HAVE LITTLE INFLUENCE ON STATE BEHAVIOUR. RELATE YOUR DISCUSSION TO AT LEAST ONE ISSUE AREA COVERED IN THIS COURSE (SUCH AS HUMAN RIGHTS, ENVIRONMENT, GLOBAL HEALTH OR ANTI-TERRORISM).
Table of Contents
Introduction    3
Compliance to the Resolutions of General Assembly    3
Source of International Law    5
The Context of Human Rights    6
Non-Compliance with the Resolutions Passed by UN General Assembly    9
Denial of the Resolution passed by the General Assembly    10
Conclusion    11
References    13
Introduction
United Nations functions with the cooperation
of the member states and can effectively influence the cooperation with immense importance in the international scenario. The member nations of the United Nations institutes both the subject and the organ of the recursive processes that are mutually dependent reinforcing among the organization and the members. With the more consequent analysis, it is obvious that the resolutions passed by the General Assembly serve as the significant element of concentration because it is effectively considered as both a political pivot and the institutional pith of the entire system that sustains in the United Nations. Developments in international political affairs contribute to a more significant role of the General Assembly. The Assembly functions as a creative and an organ of action that is a representative body and is effective to establish the principles on which the international laws and world peace can be sustained.
However, this does not depict that all the countries throughout the world reluctantly follow the resolutions passed by the General Assembly of the United Nations. This particular discussion shall focus on the aspects that United Nations General Assembly resolutions have very little influence on state behavior. This shall contemplate the issue of the violation of human rights by taking example of the state of Afghanistan after the acquisition of power by the Taliban forces. This is a significant issue in the world politics that reflects the minimal influence of resolutions passed by the United Nations General Assembly on the political behavior of the state of Afghanistan.
Compliance to the Resolutions of General Assembly
Membership in the international organizations is contemplated not only for the international trade but also ensures to abide by the peace treaty and the resolutions passed by the United Nations General Assembly. Afghanistan had been a member of the General Assembly of the United Nations and has voiced the key measures that had affected the countries around the world. This aspect of the creation of the state of Afghanistan has not only benefited in terms of peacetime treaties but has also played a significant role in validating the International Security of the Afghan land (Efendi, 2019). It is obvious that after the acquisition of power by the Taliban forces the government has effectively considered the aspect of sovereignty as a crucial premise which has effectively disrupted the essence of international law and international relations.
Afghanistan acts as a sovereign entity and it is effective to know that the Nation's participation in international relations does not contemplate the resolutions passed by the General Assembly of the United Nations. On it the accord, Afghanistan joined the United Nations in 1946, and in doing so it has voluntarily assumed the legal obligation to abide by the charters and the resolutions of the United Nations. This effectively reflects the core principles of international law that ensure the agreements entered into by sovereign nations are voluntary (Maryam, 2019). The resolutions passed by the general assembly have a global implication and application which is also effective in terms of the member states. Afghanistan as the member state must have effectively considered the resolutions passed by the General Assembly.
According to international law, Afghanistan has not invoked the provisions of its domestic law according to the international law and the resolutions. The country has effectively given importance to religious doctrine and has failed to perform according to the resolutions. It is obvious from the present scenario of the political situation in Afghanistan and its aspect of human rights which signifies that the country has effectively violated the international law and it is obvious that the United Nations General Assembly resolutions have a very minimal or negligible impact on the behavior of the state.
Source of International Law
The resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations has a significant effect on the origin and the source of international law. In the aspect of international law, it is effective to consider the sovereignty of the state and the fundamental leaders of political self-determination. This comprehends the entity as a state without the acquiescence of the state to that entity. This is obvious that the states do not want to voluntarily give up their sovereignty by abiding by the resolutions passed by the General Assembly of the United Nations and other international organizations. Even though the Nations make bilateral treaties because they believe that the ultimate decision that would effectively solve the interest of the state is the domestic law and not the international law. It is also obvious to mention that the international community recognizes the principles of legal equality between the states. This becomes effectively difficult for the certain state to contemplate the international law and the resolutions of the general assembly.
Regardless of the fact that whether it is an international organization the domination of the superpower is one of the basic aspects of international law. Moreover, there is a principle of non-intervention of the states in the internal affairs of another state and hence, in such scenario behaviors of the state have limited influence on the resolutions issued by the International Organizations. The issues of international affairs become more disruptive for the state and it effectively threatens the state's sovereignty that leading to war and conflict. It is obvious that the severe and powerful impact of the powerful nations reduces the viability of the State's policy. The new government of Afghanistan has effectively violated international law and the resolutions of the general assembly have a very limited impact on the state's policy in Afghanistan. Afghanistan continues to...
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