Ananya answered on Apr 07 2022
SLE721 POLICY AND PLANNING FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
ASSIGNMENT 2 – POLICY INTEGRATION
Table of Contents
i. Environmental Management 3
Education on Sustainable Development Principles 3
Key Contents to Maintain Sustainable Development 4
iii. Identification of Stakeholders 5
i. Environmental Management
The process, by which the healthy state of the earth resources is protected, such as through sustainable development, or by monitoring and managing several industrial activities through environmental policies, is termed as environmental management. The proper management of the waste produced are dealt by the waste management system of environmentally sustainable development. As mentioned by Marchese et al. (2018), maintaining sustainability is the only motive of such environmental management policies. The topic of my interest is waste management, on which the policy integration will be studied.
Waste management is the process, by which the several types of wastes produced by either domestic or industrial sectors are properly treated before their disposal in the environment to reduce the risk of pollution. As stated by Kabirifar et al. (2020), the Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Recover are the most effective ways of management of several wastes. Solid, liquid, gaseous and e-waste can all be managed with such strategies. Several policies are enforced to maintain the sustainable development through such management strategies.
The production of waste to its disposal contains several processes and if this process is not executed properly, the environmental pollution will be very harsh to handle risking the survival of the future generation. Hence, a proper waste management system must be followed to treat different kind of wastes separately before their disposal. Such techniques of treatments must be incorporated by the manufacturing industries, which produce a large quantity of solid, liquid, gaseous and e-waste into the environment causing environment pollution. The segregation, treatment and disposal are the basic principles, which must be followed in waste management.
Education on Sustainable Development Principles
The education on sustainable development principles relevant to waste management are maintaining the three R’s- Reduce, Reuse and Recycle, which helps to segregate and manage the waste. According to Flores and De Los Reyes (2021), such principles can be incorporated through education in school to create a sustainable development. Landfilling is another way of waste disposal where the waste material is compressed under the land. This degrades the land and underground water quality.
As mentioned by Pa
odi et al. (2019), the resource can be recovered and recycled from the landfills by landfill mining. This will help in the reduction of waste through proper education. Composting is another principle of waste management, which segregates the organic waste to manufacture manures of composts used as fertilisers in the agricultural land. Such techniques reduce the waste and even provide a use of it in a healthy manner. The last principle of waste management is incineration, which is burning of the waste at a very high temperature to turn it into ash completely. This process is not at all sustainable as it causes huge air pollution, which affects the health of the organisms sustaining in the ecosystem.
As stated by Kenny and Priyadarshini (2021), this method of waste management affects the global health due to the emission of harmful gaseous substances. The education about the adverse effects such as climate change, melting of polar ice caps, air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution are all covered in the principle of Education on sustainable development (ESD). The principles of ESD relevant to the waste management must be followed by all the stakeholders and the government to create and integrate the policies in the waste management system of environmental management.
The basic principle remains on the segregating the solid, liquid, gaseous and e-waste to provide proper treatment to them...