"So man in his true being is the rational soul, and it is a single substance in all men. All men in their true being are a single thing, but they are many in persons. Since their souls are one,...

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"So man in his true being is the rational soul, and it is a single substance in all men. All men in their true being are a single thing, but they are many in persons. Since their souls are one, and love is only in the soul, all of them must then show affection for one another and love one another." Yahya b. Adiyy, Reformation of Morals, p.107.

Following Plato and Aristotle, Yahya presents the human soul as consisting of three parts. Is this theory of the soul and moral behavior compatible with the Quran and Islamic beliefs? Come up with three points to back up your claim. Give citations from the reading for these points.

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Answered Same DayApr 08, 2022

Solution

Sutrishna answered on Apr 09 2022
13 Votes
Soul, in general, is believed to be an amorphous and immortal entity. However, different philosophers have proposed diverse viewpoints regarding the attributes of the soul, its relation to human beings, and human characteristics, including human behaviour and moral outlooks (Soul et al., 2019). The definition of soul had existed since historical times. Whether it is the Greeks, mathematicians or Christians, and other renowned philosophers and religious texts of the ancient era, some similarities and differences exist in these beliefs and definitions.
As per Toossi Saeidi and Hosseini (2022), Aristotle believed that the soul is the principle actuating cause of any living body. Although it does not hold any separate space in the body, a soul makes the living body an informed matter. On the other hand, Plato believed in the plurality of the soul, which was ca
ied on by other Christian writers also (Nawar, 2021). They had the idea that natural generation yields body and soul, while the spirit is given to regenerated beings.
The statement is made by Boeri (2018); Islam believes the soul (or al-Ruh) to be the animated
eath of life, which is similar in a primary sense to Aristotle’s view. However, an extended idea of the same may differentiate them. The soul is believed to leave the physical body and it is of two types...
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