Study 1.China population policy•Family planning policy•Two child policy•One child policy2.Pakistan population policy 20103.Malaysia population policy Q1. Identify their objectives Q2. What are their...

1 answer below »

Study

1.China population policy•Family planning policy•Two child policy•One child policy2.Pakistan population policy 20103.Malaysia population policy


Q1. Identify their objectives


Q2. What are their main problems?


Q3. State 3

a)Strength of over and under populationb)Weakness of over and under populationc)Obstacles face by the 3 countries due to over and under populationd)Threats pose by the over or under population issue in each countrye)Opportunities the 3 countries could take advantage from their population




NOTE

➢Answer questions for each(3)policy. Word limit for each policy is800words.➢Plagiarism not allowed.➢Critical analysis should be backed by appropriate evidences.➢References are must
Answered Same DayNov 29, 2019

Answer To: Study 1.China population policy•Family planning policy•Two child policy•One child policy2.Pakistan...

David answered on Dec 27 2019
111 Votes
7
Introduction
    In economic analysis, it has been found that the role of population growth and development of the economy are inter connected with each other through various pathways. In the long run, the living standards of the population would be depressed due to the rising growth rate of population in any country as explained in theories of Thomas Malthus. It is based on the theory of utilization of the resources efficiently because fixed resources like land would be available only at some cost. Both developing as well as de
veloped countries face the problem of overpopulation as well as under population which are handled by formulating population policies so that there can be maximum utilization of human capital in the country without having its evil affects.
    Most of the unfortunate outcomes due to high population rate of growth in a country can be avoided through ‘moral restraint’ which is simply to have less number of children by each couple. The rate of advancements in the country in the form of technological changes and innovation is too little which is not enough to cover up the needs and wants of the whole population. That is why; countries develop their own national policies of controlling population to distribute the resources according to their fair share. The paper will discuss about the population policies of China, Pakistan and that of Malaysia. Also, the threats; opportunities and weaknesses of the under population and overpopulation will be explained through evidences of data from various sources.
Under population
The problem of under population is related to the population level which is less than that of the available resources in the country for efficient utilization and to fulfil the demands of the people. It means that the combination of the resources available along with the technical skills present in the same country would result into provision of minimum returns for each person. It is not the appropriate situation for the country because it results into underutilization of resources. The overall economic and social position can be improved only when there is rise in the population of the country. The strength of the underpopulation lies in provision of better quality of resources at lower rate to average population because of less demand in the country. The supply and demand market forces in the country would be more inclined towards the supply side resulting into rise in quantity of resources available to entire population. The main reason behind the underpopulation is the abundance of resources in a particular region with high endowment. For example, countries belonging to Middle East region have higher endowment of oil resources which has the ability to fulfil the oil demand of the whole world. The population of that region is small enough to full utilize these resources for their industrial and domestic usages (Guru, 2015).
As the population size is too small in such countries, the employment rate is also high as it is there in countries like Canada where unemployment rate is less than 2%. Also, it has lower density of population which is about 3.4 km per square and the total count is approximately 33.7 million. The pressure over social amenities of the country is also very low due to fewer populations, hence raising its utility to longer period. The congestion rate will also be less and the country’s policies can be planned adequately according to the requirements for decent living standard (Underpopulation and Overpopulation, 2012).
On the other hand, the disadvantages of underpopulation is less availability of labor forces which results into lower overall income of the country and hence lower investments and savings rate. It also acts as a disincentive for government to invest in regions where there is lower income per capita and market size is also small. The production rate is also less of the goods and services because of lower market demand. Overall, the growth rate of the economy is not according to the potential of the country’s resources (Under Population and Over Population, 2014).
Overpopulation
On other hand, the situation of a country where the total population is more than that of its available physical resources is called as overpopulation. The competition to attain the resources is also high resulting into fall down in the standard of living of individuals. The average per capita income in the country is also very less which reduces the purchasing power of the individuals. As a result, there is fall down in the aggregate demand of the country resulting into poor resource allocation. Also, these countries face more of social issues and problems related to crime rates and emigration in the country. The employment opportunities are more into such countries because of need to produce more to meet the wants and demand of whole population. It is always a need to control higher growth rate of population to reduce distu
ing forces in the economy in the form of higher crime rates and co
uption. It can be controlled by implementing planning policies for family, early ma
iage discouragements so that they don’t produce many children, raise in supply of food, spreading awareness related to sex and educating them to resolve issues of unemployment and poverty in the country. The benefits of overpopulation is the...
SOLUTION.PDF

Answer To This Question Is Available To Download

Related Questions & Answers

More Questions »

Submit New Assignment

Copy and Paste Your Assignment Here