Chapter #, Title MITS6011 Advanced Research Topics in IT Copyright © XXXXXXXXXX, Victorian Institute of Technology. The contents contained in this document may not be reproduced in any form or by any...

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Chapter #, Title
MITS6011
Advanced Research Topics in IT
Copyright © XXXXXXXXXX, Victorian Institute of Technology.
The contents contained in this document may not be reproduced in any form or by any means, without the written permission of VIT, other than for the purpose for which it has been supplied. VIT and its logo are trademarks of Victorian Institute of Technology.
MITS6011 Session 3
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Session 3
The Proposal
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MITS6011 Session 3
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The Proposal
In the last two sessions we have been discussing the nature of research and the Research Question itself
This week we will be discussing “The Proposal”
The Research Proposal is basically a statement of intent
The proposal is normally required by Research students (PhD and Masters) from academic institutions
Also required by researchers applying for grants and other government or private funding
Used by institutions and funding bodies to assess the value of the research (or choose between options)
Hence the term “PROPOSAL”
MITS6011 Session 3
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3
The Proposal
The proposal serves a number of purposes from an academic perspective
Sets out the broad topic you would like to research
What the research would set out to achieve
Aims and objectives
How you would go about researching it
Methodology
How you would undertake it within the time available
Outline plan
What the results be and mean in relation to knowledge and understanding
Benefits and potential outcomes
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The Proposal
Additionally….
The proposal serves as a contract between you and your supervisor (and the research committee)
Is like a blue print of a building plan before construction starts
It is intended to convince others that you have a worthwhile research project
You have the competence and the work-plan to complete it
The problem is significant and worthy of study
The technical approach is likely to yield results
MITS6011 Session 3
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The Proposal
Essential Ingredients of a Research Proposal
The Issue
What problem does your research address?
Research Design
How will the research achieve its objective?
Benefit
What will the research contribute?
MITS6011 Session 3
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The Proposal
Writing a research proposal is both science and art
As well as serving the previous functions discussed, the Research Proposal:
Outlines the steps in your proposed research
Provides yourself with intellectual context
Helps you justify your research
Helps you be creative
Think through your experiments
Anticipate potential problems
Anticipate a realistic timetable
MITS6011 Session 3
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The Proposal Structure
Every Institution/ Department may have their own structure for a research proposal
The Structure outline below captures most of elements you will see in many of these
Structure
Proposed Title
Abstract
Outline of the Proposed Research
Research Topic and central research question
Methodological Approach
Research Design
Contribution
Proposed Time Schedule
Literature References
[ see template document provided ]
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Proposed Title
Many people judge a book by its cover – and a research project by its title, abstract, and key Words
Titles of research proposals have two primary goals:
To communicate the main topic(s) of the research
The title should be self-explanatory and include key words about its main topics, disciplinary affiliations, and methodological approach
methodological terms (e.g. qualitative, ethnography, naturalistic, interview, participant observation)
To invite the reader to learn more
The title should be at least easy to understand and devoid of technical language, and also potentially creative or catchy
However, forgoing clarity in favour of cleverness is ill advised
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The Abstract
We briefly discussed the abstract last session
The Abstract captures
The background to the study
A statement of the problem
The research objectives
Significance of the study
Scope and delimitations of the research
Assumptions
One of the most important paragraphs you will write
Some reviewers do not look past the title and abstract
Often immediate decisions re made on the basis of key words and abstract
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The Abstract
Is the first part of your research that most people will read
To make sure that it's not the last thing they read, your abstract needs to be well-written
As a guide include
What
What will the researcher do in their research?
Why
What are the reasons for doing the research? What questions is the researcher trying to answer?
How
How will the researcher go about finding out the answers? What methods will they use?
What
What is it expected the researcher find out?
Why
Why is this research important? What is the significance?
See [https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/abstracts/]
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Outline of the Proposed Research
This section (also called Introduction) provides an opportunity to quickly grab the attention of your reviewer and explain why they should care about the project
Includes several key elements
The background
The Purpose
The Rationale
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Outline of the Proposed Research
The background
A brief section of the Outline that provides background information for the research
Purpose is to establish a framework for the research
Helps readers establish context and how it is related to other research
The Purpose
This is not the Research statement
The reviewer needs to understand the primary purposes and goals of your research
Make the goal statement obvious and explicit
It is perfectly fine to say: “The primary purposes (or objectives or goals) of this research project are…”
Revisiting this statement repeatedly is crucial for ensuring that the project, as eventually written, actually carries out the goals framed in the introduction
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Outline of the Proposed Research
Rationale
In the rationale, the researcher clearly answers the questions
“Who cares?”
“Why are we doing this”
This is accomplished through an explanation as to why the study is significant, important, and helpful
Strong rationales are specific
They also tend to be multi-pronged, meaning that they attend to why the study is significant theoretically, practically, and methodologically
It is important to keep in mind that potential key reviewers are those who have studied your same topic using other types of research methods
Perhaps identify gaps!
There is often a repetitive nature to the Research Proposal
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Research Topic and central research question
This is where you state the research question
Some Proposal formats will have this done within the introduction
This is significant and is served well in its own section
You will already have the Research Question from the first assessment
This just needs to be restated here with context
You can provide further specific background to the topic, and lead into the Central Research Question
This is the context
The research question should flow from the context and not read as disjoint
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Research Topic and central research question
As well as the central research question there may be sub-questions the research will address
State any sub-question or objectives if there are any
Examples
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Example
Example from Umbach, P. D. & Kuh, G. D
Student experiences with diversity at liberal arts colleges: another claim for distinctiveness
Hu and Kuh XXXXXXXXXXfound that students in private institutions more frequently interacted with students from different backgrounds and that students at large doctoral-extensive universities and liberal arts colleges had more experiences with diversity than their counterparts at other types of institutions. It is not surprising that students at large universities would have more exposure to diversity, given that these institutions typically enroll more students from different racial, ethnic and cultural groups. Somewhat unexpected is that students at smaller liberal arts colleges would report equally frequent experiences with diversity. Historically, small liberal arts colleges have claimed to have distinctive missions, especially when compared with large public universities (Clark, 1970; Kuh, Schuh, Whitt, & Associates, 1991; Townsend, Newell, & Wiese, XXXXXXXXXXBut they also tend to be located in rural and less racially diverse locations. Even so, it appears that a distinctive dimension of contemporary liberal arts colleges is their ability to expose students to diversity in educationally purposeful ways. How they do this is not clear.
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Methodological Approach
The Methodological Approach and Research Design are often combined into a larger section
They can also be separated as in the Proposal template
The methodological approach is not a full methodology chapter
It outlines the methods you will use in conducting the research and analyzing the data
Details the context, the participants, the researcher’s role, the participation level, and the data collection and analysis procedures
providing this information allows reviewers to judge the correctness of the approach and determine possible success and correctness of results
Enables the, to provide suggestions about the planned procedures, scope, and framework
Should explain specialized qualitative words (e.g. what is an “emic approach” or an “etic approach”) and should use citations to support the procedures used
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Research Design
The Research Design describes how you will go about collecting your data
It provides a description of the approach to be used to reach your objectives
For example, whether it is a case study, descriptive, cross-sectional, before-and-after, experimental or non-experimental design
Include details about the various logistical procedures you intend to follow while executing the study Design
One characteristic of a good study design is that it explains the details with such clarity that, if someone else wants to follow the proposed procedure, they will be able to do exactly as you would have done
For example
Are you building software a “proof-of-concept”
Are you developing a simulation
How will it be used to gather data
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Contribution
The researcher needs to detail the expected contribution of the research to the field of knowledge
Indicate how your research will refine, revise or extend existing knowledge
These could have minor of substantive implications
The contribution could be theoretical or practical
Contribution could be of methodological significance
This section can be difficult to write
When thinking about significance consider the following
What will the results mean to the theoretical framework used
Will results influence practical applications
Will results fill a gap in the literature
Will the research improve of change any procedure
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Proposed Time Schedule
In this section, you need to propose a timeline for the research
Estimate the following
Time for literature review
Time for developing a methodology
Time for conducting the data collection
This may need software to be written
May need to run simulations
Build something physical etc …
Time of analyzing the results
Time for write-up of the research paper
Can use textual timelines or Gantt chart software
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Literature References
At this stage Literature collection will be preliminary
Some proposal structures require a mini-literature review
Some require just a list of preliminary references (we will request this in the proposal)
The references need to be a collection of papers you have found relevant to the research question in some way
May be related to:
Background information
Methodology
Alternative approaches
The research question directly
Needs to be sufficient references to show you have made a serious initial survey of the topic
MITS6011 Session 3
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MITS6011 Session 3
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Answered Same DayMay 16, 2021

Solution

Shubham answered on May 17 2021
29 Votes

Methodology
Introduction
The methodology includes the way of describing the design of the sturdy. It is used for preparing the reader and it provides the framework for incorporating the...

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