2022 ICD-10-PCS Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting1 ICD-10-PCS Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting 2022 The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and the...

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Case Study # 12


























The patient was admitted with a nonviable fetus at 27 ½ weeks gestation. An ultrasound prior to admission showed severe renal malformations in the dysmorphic fetus. A pediatric urology consult concluded fetal nonviability secondary to severe oligohydramnios. A Prostin capsule was placed intravaginally, and the patient went on to have spontaneous expulsion of a stillborn female.














2022 ICD-10-PCS Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting 1 ICD-10-PCS Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting 2022 The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), two departments within the U.S. Federal Government’s Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) provide the following guidelines for coding and reporting using the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Procedure Coding System (ICD-10-PCS). These guidelines should be used as a companion document to the official version of the ICD-10-PCS as published on the CMS website. The ICD-10-PCS is a procedure classification published by the United States for classifying procedures performed in hospital inpatient health care settings. These guidelines have been approved by the four organizations that make up the Cooperating Parties for the ICD-10-PCS: the American Hospital Association (AHA), the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA), CMS, and NCHS. These guidelines are a set of rules that have been developed to accompany and complement the official conventions and instructions provided within the ICD-10-PCS itself. They are intended to provide direction that is applicable in most circumstances. However, there may be unique circumstances where exceptions are applied. The instructions and conventions of the classification take precedence over guidelines. These guidelines are based on the coding and sequencing instructions in the Tables, Index and Definitions of ICD-10-PCS, but provide additional instruction. Adherence to these guidelines when assigning ICD-10-PCS procedure codes is required under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). The procedure codes have been adopted under HIPAA for hospital inpatient healthcare settings. A joint effort between the healthcare provider and the coder is essential to achieve complete and accurate documentation, code assignment, and reporting of diagnoses and procedures. These guidelines have been developed to assist both the healthcare provider and the coder in identifying those procedures that are to be reported. The importance of consistent, complete documentation in the medical record cannot be overemphasized. Without such documentation accurate coding cannot be achieved. 2 Table of Contents A. Conventions .……………………………………………………….......3 B. Medical and Surgical Section Guidelines ....………………………....5 2. Body System ………………………………………………........5 3. Root Operation………….……………………………………...5 4. Body Part ……………………………………………………...11 5. Approach ………………………………………………….…..14 6. Device ……………………………………………………….....15 C. Obstetrics Section Guidelines………………………………………..16 D. Radiation Therapy Guidelines………………………………………16 E. New Technology Section Guidelines………………………………...17 F. Selection of Principal Procedure…………………………………….18 3 Conventions A1 ICD-10-PCS codes are composed of seven characters. Each character is an axis of classification that specifies information about the procedure performed. Within a defined code range, a character specifies the same type of information in that axis of classification. Example: The fifth axis of classification specifies the approach in sections 0 through 4 and 7 through 9 of the system. A2 One of 34 possible values can be assigned to each axis of classification in the seven- character code: they are the numbers 0 through 9 and the alphabet (except I and O because they are easily confused with the numbers 1 and 0). The number of unique values used in an axis of classification differs as needed. Example: Where the fifth axis of classification specifies the approach, seven different approach values are currently used to specify the approach. A3 The valid values for an axis of classification can be added to as needed. Example: If a significantly distinct type of device is used in a new procedure, a new device value can be added to the system. A4 As with words in their context, the meaning of any single value is a combination of its axis of classification and any preceding values on which it may be dependent. Example: The meaning of a body part value in the Medical and Surgical section is always dependent on the body system value. The body part value 0 in the Central Nervous body system specifies Brain and the body part value 0 in the Peripheral Nervous body system specifies Cervical Plexus. A5 As the system is expanded to become increasingly detailed, over time more values will depend on preceding values for their meaning. Example: In the Lower Joints body system, the device value 3 in the root operation Insertion specifies Infusion Device and the device value 3 in the root operation Replacement specifies Ceramic Synthetic Substitute. A6 The purpose of the alphabetic index is to locate the appropriate table that contains all information necessary to construct a procedure code. The PCS Tables should always be consulted to find the most appropriate valid code. A7 4 It is not required to consult the index first before proceeding to the tables to complete the code. A valid code may be chosen directly from the tables. A8 All seven characters must be specified to be a valid code. If the documentation is incomplete for coding purposes, the physician should be queried for the necessary information. A9 Within a PCS table, valid codes include all combinations of choices in characters 4 through 7 contained in the same row of the table. In the example below, 0JHT3VZ is a valid code, and 0JHW3VZ is not a valid code. Section: 0 Medical and Surgical Body System: J Subcutaneous Tissue and Fascia Operation: H Insertion: Putting in a nonbiological appliance that monitors, assists, performs, or prevents a physiological function but does not physically take the place of a body part Body Part Approach Device Qualifier S Subcutaneous Tissue and Fascia, Head and Neck V Subcutaneous Tissue and Fascia, Upper Extremity W Subcutaneous Tissue and Fascia, Lower Extremity 0 Open 3 Percutaneous 1 Radioactive Element 3 Infusion Device Y Other Device Z No Qualifier T Subcutaneous Tissue and Fascia, Trunk 0 Open 3 Percutaneous 1 Radioactive Element 3 Infusion Device V Infusion Pump Y Other Device Z No Qualifier A10 “And,” when used in a code description, means “and/or,” except when used to describe a combination of multiple body parts for which separate values exist for each body part (e.g., Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue used as a qualifier, where there are separate body part values for “Skin” and “Subcutaneous Tissue”). Example: Lower Arm and Wrist Muscle means lower arm and/or wrist muscle. A11 Many of the terms used to construct PCS codes are defined within the system. It is the coder’s responsibility to determine what the documentation in the medical record equates to in the PCS definitions. The physician is not expected to use the terms used in PCS code descriptions, nor is the coder required to query the physician when the correlation between the documentation and the defined PCS terms is clear. Example: When the physician documents “partial resection” the coder can independently correlate “partial resection” to the root operation Excision without querying the physician for clarification. 5 Medical and Surgical Section Guidelines (section 0) B2. Body System General guidelines B2.1a The procedure codes in Anatomical Regions, General, Anatomical Regions, Upper Extremities and Anatomical Regions, Lower Extremities can be used when the procedure is performed on an anatomical region rather than a specific body part, or on the rare occasion when no information is available to support assignment of a code to a specific body part. Examples: Chest tube drainage of the pleural cavity is coded to the root operation Drainage found in the body system Anatomical Regions, General. Suture repair of the abdominal wall is coded to the root operation Repair in the body system Anatomical Regions, General. Amputation of the foot is coded to the root operation Detachment in the body system Anatomical Regions, Lower Extremities. B2.1b Where the general body part values “upper” and “lower” are provided as an option in the Upper Arteries, Lower Arteries, Upper Veins, Lower Veins, Muscles and Tendons body systems, “upper” or “lower “specifies body parts located above or below the diaphragm respectively. Example: Vein body parts above the diaphragm are found in the Upper Veins body system; vein body parts below the diaphragm are found in the Lower Veins body system. B3. Root Operation General guidelines B3.1a In order to determine the appropriate root operation, the full definition of the root operation as contained in the PCS Tables must be applied. B3.1b Components of a procedure specified in the root operation definition or explanation as integral to that root operation are not coded separately. Procedural steps necessary to reach the operative site and close the operative site, including anastomosis of a tubular body part, are also not coded separately. Examples: Resection of a joint as part of a joint replacement procedure is included in the root operation definition of Replacement and is not coded separately. Laparotomy performed to reach the site of an open liver biopsy is not coded separately. In a resection of sigmoid colon with anastomosis of descending colon to rectum, the anastomosis is not coded separately. 6 Multiple procedures B3.2 During the same operative episode, multiple procedures are coded if: a. The same root operation is performed on different body parts as defined by distinct values of the body part character. Examples: Diagnostic excision of liver and pancreas are coded separately. Excision of lesion in the ascending colon and excision of lesion in the transverse colon are coded separately. b. The same root operation is repeated in multiple body parts, and those body parts are separate and distinct body parts classified to a single ICD-10-PCS body part value. Examples: Excision of the sartorius muscle and excision of the gracilis muscle are both included in the upper leg muscle body part value, and multiple procedures are coded. Extraction of multiple toenails are coded separately. c. Multiple root operations with distinct objectives are performed on the same body part. Example: Destruction of sigmoid lesion and bypass of sigmoid colon are coded separately. d. The intended root operation is attempted using one approach but is converted to a different approach. Example: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy converted to an open cholecystectomy is coded as percutaneous endoscopic Inspection and open Resection. Discontinued or incomplete procedures B3.3 If the intended procedure is discontinued or otherwise not completed, code the procedure to the root operation performed. If a procedure is discontinued before any other root operation is performed, code the root operation Inspection of the body part or anatomical region inspected. Example: A planned aortic valve replacement procedure is discontinued after the initial thoracotomy and before any incision is made in the heart muscle, when the patient becomes hemodynamically unstable. This procedure is coded as an open Inspection of the mediastinum. Biopsy procedures B3.4a Biopsy procedures are coded using the root operations Excision, Extraction, or Drainage and the qualifier Diagnostic. Examples: Fine needle aspiration biopsy of fluid in the lung is coded to the root operation Drainage with the qualifier Diagnostic. Biopsy of bone marrow is coded to the root operation Extraction with the qualifier Diagnostic. Lymph node sampling for biopsy is coded to the root operation Excision with the qualifier Diagnostic. 7 Biopsy followed by more definitive treatment B3.4b If a diagnostic Excision, Extraction, or Drainage procedure (biopsy) is followed by a more definitive procedure, such as Destruction, Excision or Resection at the same procedure site, both the biopsy and the more definitive treatment are coded. Example: Biopsy of breast followed by partial mastectomy at the same procedure site, both the biopsy and the partial mastectomy procedure are coded. Overlapping body layers B3.5 If root operations such as Excision, Extraction, Repair or Inspection are performed on overlapping layers of the musculoskeletal system, the body part specifying the deepest layer is coded. Example: Excisional debridement that includes skin and subcutaneous tissue and muscle is coded
Answered Same DayMar 30, 2023

Answer To: 2022 ICD-10-PCS Official Guidelines for Coding and Reporting1 ICD-10-PCS Official Guidelines...

Dr. Saloni answered on Mar 31 2023
27 Votes
Case Study
ICD-10-PCS codes for the case study:
Admission:
1. Z38.01 - Single liveborn infant, bo
rn in the hospital, delivered without mention of cesarean section
Diagnosis:
O36.53X0 - Maternal care for the nonviable fetus in the third trimester, not applicable or unspecified
Q63.8 - Other specified congenital malformations of the kidney
P95.8 - Other specified fetal death
2. Oligohydramnios is not coded as a separate diagnosis but is included in the O36.53X0 code.
Procedure:
10E0X0Z - Introduction of hormone into the vagina, single
3. 10D07ZZ - Extraction of the...
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