I need the answers to question 2 only about regression analysis.

I need the answers to question 2 only about regression analysis.

Microsoft Word - DFA2202(3)-Research Methods for Finance and Accounting-Moraghen W UNIVERSITY OF MAURITIUS FACULTY OF LAW AND MANAGEMENT SECOND SEMESTER EXAMINATIONS AUGUST / SEPTEMBER 2022 PROGRAMME BSc (Hons) Accounting (Minor: Business Informatics) BSc (Hons) Accounting (Minor: Finance) BSc (Hons) Accounting (Minor: Management) BSc (Hons) Management Accounting and Finance Year 2 MODULE NAME RESEARCH METHODS FOR FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING DATE Friday 19 August 2022 MODULE CODE DFA2202(3) TIME 13:30 – 15:30 Hours DURATION 2 Hours NO. OF QUESTIONS SET 4 NO. OF QUESTIONS TO BE ATTEMPTED 30 MCQs + 2 Questions INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES This paper consists of 30 MCQs, Three (3) questions and TWO (2) Sections (Section A and Section B). Section A is COMPULSORY and consists of 30 MCQs. Students are requested to answer MCQs on the MCQ Answer Sheet provided. Question 1 to 20 carries 1 mark each. Questions 21 to 30 carry 2 marks each. Answer ANY TWO (2) questions from Section B. Each question carries 30 marks. Research Methods for Finance and Accounting – DFA2202(3) Page 1 of 8 SECTION A (COMPULSORY)(40 MARKS) 1. Which of the following steps are involved in the hypothetico-deductive method? A. Identifying a broad problem B. Develop hypotheses C. Data collection and analysis D. All of the above 2. The primary purpose of conducting research is to A. Generate more knowledge B. Understand phenomena of interest C. Build theories based on the research results D. All of the above 3. To translate a broad problem into a feasible research topic, it is essential to A. Find out exactly what your institution's requirements are for a dissertation B. Make sure you are familiar with the hardware and software you plan to use C. Separate the problem from the symptoms of the problems D. Apply for clearance of your project through an ethics committee 4. Which one is called non-probability sampling? A. Quota sampling B. Cluster sampling C. Systematic sampling D. Stratified random sampling 5. Which of these the above criteria is not relevant for evaluating secondary data A. Timeliness B. Accuracy C. Relevance D. Sample size 6. A critical literature ensures: A. That the research effort is positioned relative to existing knowledge and builds on this knowledge. B. The understanding the characteristics of a group in a given situation C. That the independent variable always precedes the dependent variable D. None of the above 7. The use of another’s original words, arguments, or ideas as though they were your own (even if this is done in good faith) is referred as A. Fundamental research B. Plagiarism C. Referencing D. Abstract Research Methods for Finance and Accounting – DFA2202(3) Page 2 of 8 8. Which of the following is not a data-collection method? A. Research questions B. Unstructured interviewing C. Postal survey questionnaires D. Participant observation 9. “The Poor Disguise” is a common forms of plagiarism in which A. The writer has retained the essential content of the source after altering the paper’s appearance slightly by changing key words and phrases B. The writer turns in another’s work, word-for-word, as his or her own C. The writer copies significant portions of text straight from a single source, without alteration D. The writer “borrows” generously from his or her previous work, violating policies concerning the expectation of originality adopted by most academic institutions. 10. A simple random sample is one in which: A. From a random starting point, every nth unit from the sampling frame is selected B. A non-probability strategy is used, making the results difficult to generalize C. The researcher has a certain quota of respondents to fill for various social groups D. Every unit of the population has an equal chance of being selected 11. Which of the process below is NOT included in building a theoretical framework? A. Introducing definitions of the concepts or variables in your model B. Applying appropriate quantitative methods to retain the attributes and characteristics of the population in a sample C. Developing a conceptual model that provides a descriptive representation of your theory D. Coming up with a theory that provides an explanation for relationships between the variable in your model 12. Which of the following is not a characteristic of quota sampling? A. The researcher chooses who to approach and so might bias the sample B. Those who are available to be surveyed in public places are unlikely to constitute a representative sample C. The random selection of units makes it possible to calculate the standard error D. It is a relatively fast and cheap way of finding out about public opinions 13. The……………… is one that has a strong contingent effect on the independent – dependent variable relationship as it modifies the original relationship between them. A. Mediating variable B. Moderating variable C. Intervening variable D. All of the above Research Methods for Finance and Accounting – DFA2202(3) Page 3 of 8 14. The findings from a study of young single mothers at a university can be generalised to the population of: A. All young single mothers at that university B. All young single mothers in that society C. All single mothers in all universities D. All young women in that university 15. Explanatory research questions are typically developed when A. Not much is known about a particular phenomenon. B. Existing research results are unclear or suffer from serious limitations. C. There is not enough theory available to guide the development of a theoretical framework. D. All of the above. 16. The Chief Financial Officer of a manufacturing company wants to know how many of the staff would be interested in attending a three-day seminar on making appropriate investment decisions. For this purpose, it is recommended that he use A. Groups as the unit of analysis B. Dyads as the unit of analysis C. Individual as the unit of analysis D. Countries as the unit of analysis 17. The nature of the difference between two groups on a variable is postulated as follows: The greater the stress experienced in the job, the lower the job satisfaction of employees. Women are more motivated than men. This testable statements can be defined as A. Directional hypothesis B. Non-directional hypothesis C. If-then statement D. Bidirectional hypothesis 18. A research strategy in which the researcher “closely observes, records and engages in the daily life of another culture and then writes accounts of this culture, emphasizing descriptive detail” is referred as A. Experiment B. Survey research C. Ethnography D. Cause studies 19. ……………………. is a questioning technique which starts as an unstructured interview and gradually transition from broad to narrow themes. A. Unbiased question B. Clarifying issues C. Taking notes D. Funneling Research Methods for Finance and Accounting – DFA2202(3) Page 4 of 8 20. During in structured observation method, which of the following should be taken into account with regard to the construction of a coding scheme A. Ease of use B. Mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive C. Focus D. All of the above 21. In concealed observation framework, the researcher should be preoccupied about: A. The extent of interference that may have direct bearing on whether the study undertaken is correlational or causal B. The intermediate position between being a complete insider and being a complete outsider. C. The date, time, place and name of researcher on each set of notes D. Ethical issues that may violate the principal of informed consent, privacy and confidentiality 22. In……………………, numerically equal distances on the scale represent equal values in the characteristic being measured. A. Nominal scale B. Ordinal scale C. Interval scale D. Ratio scale 23. At the extremes of a semantic differential scale, we have A. Bipolar adjectives B. A random number ranging from 1 to 5 C. A random number ranging from 1 to 7 D. “Very Unlikely” and “Very Likely” 24. Criterion-related validity indicates A. The extent to which your measurement questions actually measure the presence of those constructs you intended them to measure. B. The extent to which the measure differentiates individuals who are known to be different. C. The ability of the measuring instrument to testifies how well the results obtained fit the theories around which the test is designed. D. The ability of a statistical test to make accurate predictions. 25. The……………………. reflects the correlations between two halves of an instrument. A. Split-half reliability B. Interitem-half reliability C. Half-reset reliability D. Half-parallel reliability Research Methods for Finance and Accounting – DFA2202(3) Page 5 of 8 26. Parameters refers to the measure of central tendency and measure of dispersion calculated on the basis of A. A sample B. A population C. Double sample D. All of the above 27. Which measure of central tendency (for a single variable) is the most appropriate for a nominal scale? A. Mode B. Median C. Arithmetic mean D. Geometric mean 28. The probability that the null hypothesis is rejected when it is actually true is the A. Type I Error B. Type II Error C. Statistical power D. Unexplained variance 29. If a study is "reliable", this means that: A. It was conducted by a reputable researcher who can be trusted B. The measures devised for concepts are stable on different occasions C. The findings can be generalized to other social settings D. The methods are stated clearly enough for the research to be replicated 30. Which of the following test is used to test the hypothesis that the mean of the population from which a sample is drawn is equal to a comparison standard A. One sample t-test B. Wilcoxon signed-rank test C. Paired samples t-test D. Mc Nemar’s test Research Methods for Finance and Accounting – DFA2202(3) Page 6 of 8 SECTION B- ANSWER ANY TWO QUESTIONS Question 2 [Total 30 Marks] The tables below summarize the results of data analysis of research conducted in a sales organization that operates in 50 different cities of the country and employs a total sales force of about 500. The number of salespersons sampled for the studies was 150. Means, standard deviations, minimum and maximum Results of regression analysis Variable Beta t Sig.t Training of salespersons 0.28 2.768 0.0092 No. of salespersons 0.34 3.55 0.00001 population 0.09 0.97 0.467 Per capital income 0.12 1.200 0.089 Advertisement 0.47 4.54 0.00001 R-square 0.43459 Adjusted R-square 0.35225 Standard error 0.41173 ANOVA* (F) 3.6 Sig of F 0.01 Note: * results of one-way ANOVA for sales of education. (a) Interpret the information contained in each of the tables in as much detail as possible. (b) Summarize the results for the CEO of the company. (c) Make recommendations based on your interpretations of the results. (d) Explain why the standardized regression coefficients is preferred in the context of a multiple linear regression analysis. [10+5+8+7=30 marks] Variables Mean Std. Deviation Minimum Maximum Sales (in 1000s of $) 75.1 8.6 45.2 97.3 No. of salespersons 25 6 5 50 Population (in 100s) 5.1 0.8 2.78 7.12 Per capita income (in 1000s of $) 20.3 20.1 10.1 75.9 Advertising (in 1000s of $) 10.3 5.2 6.1 15.7 Research Methods for Finance and Accounting – DFA2202(3) Page 7 of 8
Oct 13, 2023

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