Microsoft Word - Income Tax Law Case Study.docx
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The Task description states that you will be required to undertake further research to prepare your
answers to the Income Tax Case Study. To be clear: It is only necessary that you undertake
research to find two sources and then to use these sources to prepare your answers. The names
of these sources are provided as part of the Income Tax Case Study. You do not have to reference
these two sources in your answers using the Australian Guide to Legal Citation or any other source
Income Tax Case Study Semester
Task description, Criteria & Marking
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Instructions: You must answer all of the questions in the Income Tax Case Study by
typing your responses into one Microsoft Word document and adding
this information at the start of your responses: Your last name, first
Font size permitted: 10, 11, or 12 pt
Font type permitted: Arial, Times new roman
Word limit: The total word limit for your responses to the Income Tax Case Study is
1,300 (one thousand three hundred) words
What is included in the
word limit count of
Everything. All headings, all numbers, all section and division
references, all formulas, all calculations, all explanations, case law and
Total marks = 20
Total weighting = 20%
QUESTION 1 5 MARKS
This question is about the ATO Decision impact statement on Greig v Commissioner of Taxation. This
impact statement is dated 2 March 2020. You will be required to undertake research to find this impact
statement and then to use it to prepare your response to this question.
You are required to:
Identify and present the factors from the decision impact statement that indicate that the taxpayer,
Greig, acquired the shares in Nexus in a business operation or commercial transaction so as to engage
the principle in Myer Emporium.
Note: In marking this question, half marks will be awarded to each relevant factor. Therefore, you should
aim to identify and present at least ten factors.
Question 2 next page
Assessment instructions to students
Total marks and Weighting of the Income Tax Case Study
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QUESTION 2 15 MARKS
Jake Mustang is a high net worth Australian resident individual. He is aged 52 and he is single. Jake
built a successful career as the owner-operator of a boutique property investment advisory firm in
Melbourne, called Property Maximus Consulting. He started this business in July 2004.
These are the facts relevant to his 2020–2021 income year ending 30 June 2021:
Melbourne is hard hit during the COVID-19 pandemic. Melburnians spend eight consecutive months in
lockdown. Business activities and property investments are lower than before the pandemic. As a result,
Jake has a lot of free time on his hands to surf the internet and to look up old university friends.
Using Facebook, he reconnects with Louise McQueen, who he last saw in 1989 when they were both
fulltime university students. As it happens, Louise is also single, living in Brisbane. When the lockdown
ends in Melbourne, Jake travels to Queensland to have lunch with Louise. It is ‘love at first sight’ for
Jake and Louise. A few months into their relationship, Jake decides to relocate to Brisbane permanently.
He purchases a riverfront property in St Lucia on 1 March 2021, moving into this new home on the same
day. He funds the purchase cost of this home from the cash proceeds arising from the following
Sale of his private home in Melbourne
Jake purchased this private home in the Melbourne suburb of Brighton on 19 October 1993, incurring
the following costs on that day:
• Purchase cost of the property $135,000
• Transfer duties and legal fees $1,000
He puts this house on the market on 15 January 2021, which is the day on which he decides to
permanently relocate to Brisbane to be close to Louise. As properties in Brighton are very expensive, it
takes several months before Jake finds a buyer for this property. He eventually sells the property for
$3 million on 1 June 2021. Jake pays the real estate agent who finds him the buyer $150,000 in sales
commission on 1 June 2021.
In total, Jake owns the Brighton home for 12,645 consecutive days. Over this period, Jake does not live
in this home during the following periods:
1 July 2000 to 30 June 2004 Jake rents out his Brighton home to long term tenants while
he lives in rental accommodation in Sydney due to his
fulltime employment with Deloitte Sydney at that time. As at
1 July 2000, the Brighton home is valued at $1 million
1 March 2021 to 1 June 2021 When he lives in his new home in St Lucia, and which he
also treats as his main residence from 1 March 2021
Question 2 continued next page
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Taxable income from Property Maximus Consulting
This is the calculation of the taxable income arising from the business operations of Property Maximus
Consulting for the 2020–2021 income year ending 30 June 2021:
Consulting income, s 6-5 ITAA97, income from business $1,395,000
Staff salaries, s 8-1 ITAA97 ($235,000)
Staff superannuation guarantee contributions, s XXXXXXXXXXITAA97 ($22,325)
General business expenses: rent, telephone charges, stationary, s 8-1 ITAA97 ($265,000)
Taxable income $872,675
Sale of Property Maximus Consulting
When Jake relocates to Brisbane, he decides to sell Property Maximus Consulting after accepting an
offer of employment from Deloitte Brisbane that will commence on 1 July 2021. He finds a buyer for
Property Maximus Consulting and they enter into a sale agreement on 30 June 2021 on the following
terms and conditions:
• The buyer agrees to pay Jake a cash amount totalling $7 million to buy the business. This
amount represents the value of the goodwill in Property Maximus Consulting as at 30 June 2021
• Jake agrees to enter into a two-year restraint of trade agreement, effective from 30 June 2021,
which prohibits him from starting a new property investment advisory firm in Melbourne. The
buyer agrees to pay Jake $2 million to enter into the restraint of trade
• The buyer agrees to incur all of the legal fees associated with the sale agreement.
Jake owns shares in an ASX listed company called Total Wealth Ltd. Jake originally purchased 100,000
shares in Total Wealth Ltd in January 2003 at a cost of $6 per share.
In February 2021, the company writes to its shareholders, advising them it was offering to buy back
10% of their shares for $9.60 per share in an off-market share buy-back scheme. The buy-back price
was to include a franked dividend of $1.40 per share, and each dividend was to carry a franking credit
Jake applies to participate in the scheme after studying the income tax implications of this off-market
share buy-back scheme using the ATO’s ‘Personal investors guide to capital gains tax 2020’ that
includes a worked example. Using this guide, Jake understands that by agreeing to participate in the
share buy-back scheme, he will dispose of 10% of his shares back to the company.
Total Wealth Ltd approves the share buy-back scheme in April 2021 on the terms set out in the earlier
letter to shareholders, complying with all of the relevant ASIC regulations and with the requirements of
the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth).
Question 2 continued next page
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The share buy-back transaction is executed on 30 June 2021 when the market value per share is $10.20
(if the share buy-back did not occur and was never proposed). Total Wealth Ltd formally writes to Jake
and the other shareholders who participate in the share buy-back scheme to inform them of this market
Total Wealth Ltd deposits all of the funds relevant to the transaction into Jake’s nominated bank account
on 30 June 2021.
Other information relevant to Jake’s 2020–2021 income year
As at 1 July 2020, Jake has unapplied capital losses carried forward from previous income years
totalling $2,800,000 ($2.8 million). These capital losses arose when Jake sold his share investment in
a private company at a loss.
You are required to:
Advise Jake on the income tax implications of all these events and transactions. To do so, you have to
prepare and present the calculation of Jake’s taxable income for the 2020–2021 income in a manner
that minimises his taxable income. Show all your calculations and provide reasons for your answer.
Your answer should reference relevant sections and divisions of the Income Tax Assessment Acts.
Note: In marking this question, half marks will be awarded to each relevant part of the answer.
Therefore, in preparing your answer, you should follow the same approach as that adopted in case
studies, in-class examples and in tutorials.
END OF INCOME TAX CASE STUDY
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Students will be required to undertake further research to prepare their answers.
Criteria & Marking
In marking the Income tax case study, assessors will use a detailed marking scheme in reference to each individual
transaction, each legal problem and each taxpayer to grade answers according to the following detailed criteria:
1. Correct identification and explanation of the relevant taxation issue(s); and
2. Correct application of the relevant taxation law; and
3. Correct and complete referencing to the relevant sections and divisions of statute law, to the relevant case law and ATO
Rulings as required in each topic study guide; and
4. Correct calculation of any required amounts; and
5. Correct and complete presentation of formulas and bases for calculations; and
6. Appropriate inclusion of relevant research task outcomes in answers; and
7. Appropriate advice based on answers.
A word limit will be imposed.