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Financial Planning and Control Summative Assessment: Outline & Rubric





Summative Assessment Outline
Financial Planning and Control

Competency Name: Financial Planning and Control
Competency Statement: Demonstrate knowledge and application of the 3 key steps of financial planning – 1 forecasting the firm’s
short-term and long-term financial needs; 2 developing budgets to meet those needs, and 3 establishing financial controls to see if
the company is achieving its goal.
Summative Assessment Submission Title: Financial Planning and Control Accounting Problems
Competency Objectives:
1. Develop a forecast of short- and long-term financing needs and pro forma financial statements.
2. Prepare a budget and use variance analysis to evaluate performance.
3. Demonstrate knowledge of standard costing and variances.
4. Perform profitability and cost analyses of businesses and business segments.
5. Construct a balanced scorecard for strategic planning and control purposes considering both quantitative and qualitative
data.
Program Learning Outcomes: N/A
Institutional Learning Outcomes: N/A


Purpose of this Assessment

The final assessment for this competency is to complete a series of comprehensive financial accounting problems that address
budgeting, forecasting, standard costing, variance analysis, profitability, and cost analysis using a balance scorecard.



Items Required for Submission


A comprehensive solution set to a selection of managerial accounting problems that involve:
• Preparing Forecasting/Proforma Statements
• Preparing Capital Budgets
Financial Planning and Control Summative Assessment: Outline & Rubric




• Generating Operating Budgets
• Demonstrating a knowledge of standard costing and variances
• Performing profitability and cost analyses of businesses and business segments
• Constructing a balanced scorecard for strategic planning and control purposes, considering both quantitative and qualitative data


Step ONE: Preparation

In order to prepare for this assignment, it is important to carefully review the entire scenario for each problem found in Appendix A.
When reviewing each problem, the following questions should be considered:

1. What possible tasks are required?
2. What you will need to complete the problem?
3. What formulas will you need?
4. What resources from this competency might you reference to successfully complete this problem?
5. Think about possible plans of action for what steps you will take—what strategies will you use to tackle each problem?


Step TWO: Perform Calculations & Explain Methods

For each problem (found in Appendix A):

1. Use your plan of action to solve each problem, clearly outlining the procedures used, providing a concise explanation of each
step, labeling relevant formulas, and showing worked out calculations and complete solutions. You may use an Excel
spreadsheet or a calculator to help you perform the necessary calculations, but all corresponding work must be shown
completely.

2. Answer all questions posed in the problem; if applicable, analyze and evaluate your results and provide a contextual explanation
of the solutions you obtained.

3. Review your calculations and solutions and make sure that an external viewer would be able to follow your methodology and
make sense of your calculations and corresponding explanations. Make certain that you have completed all steps of each
problem.
Financial Planning and Control Summative Assessment: Outline & Rubric
Step THREE: Complete Checklist for Submission
Before you submit, check to see if you believe you have met the criteria noted below.
Did you….
ü Answer all parts of each question completely and accurately?
ü Provide clear and accurate steps, calculations, and solutions?
ü Include an insightful analysis and evaluation of results where relevant?
ü Provide a comprehensive and accurate description of each of the four areas of a balanced scorecard, an accurate and clear definition of a
key performance indicator (KPI), and meaningful real world examples of KPIs for each balanced score card area?
Step FOUR: Submit Your Work
• Your completed final assessment documents should be submitted through the Final Assessment page of your competency.
Financial Planning and Control Summative Assessment: Outline & Rubric
Scoring Rubric for Summative Assessment:
Criterion EMERGING (1) DEVELOPING (2) PROFICIENT (3) EXEMPLARY (4)
Forecasting / Pro forma
Statements
Does not answer all parts
of each question
completely and provides a
weak analysis and
evaluation of results where
applicable.
Partially answers all parts
of each question
completely and accurately,
showing and explaining all
steps, calculations, and
solutions clearly and
insightfully analyzing and
evaluating results where
applicable.
Mostly answers all parts of
each question completely
and accurately, showing
and explaining all steps,
calculations, and solutions
clearly and insightfully
analyzing and evaluating
results where applicable.
Answers all parts of each
question completely and
accurately, showing and
explaining all steps,
calculations, and
solutions clearly and
insightfully analyzing and
evaluating results where
applicable.
Capital Budgets Does not answer all parts
of each question
completely and provides a
weak analysis and
evaluation of results where
applicable.
Partially answers all parts
of each question
completely and accurately,
showing and explaining all
steps, calculations, and
solutions clearly and
insightfully analyzing and
evaluating results where
applicable.
Mostly answers all parts of
each question completely
and accurately, showing
and explaining all steps,
calculations, and solutions
clearly and insightfully
analyzing and evaluating
results where applicable.
Answers all parts of each
question completely and
accurately, showing and
explaining all steps,
calculations, and
solutions clearly and
insightfully analyzing and
evaluating results where
applicable.
Operating Budgets Does not answer all parts
of each question
completely and provides a
weak analysis and
evaluation of results where
applicable.
Partially answers all parts
of each question
completely and accurately,
showing and explaining all
steps, calculations, and
solutions clearly and
insightfully analyzing and
evaluating results where
applicable.
Mostly answers all parts of
each question completely
and accurately, showing
and explaining all steps,
calculations, and solutions
clearly and insightfully
analyzing and evaluating
results where applicable.
Answers all parts of each
question completely and
accurately, showing and
explaining all steps,
calculations, and
solutions clearly and
insightfully analyzing and
evaluating results where
applicable.
Standard Costing and
Variances
Does not answer all parts
of each question
completely and provides a
weak analysis and
Partially answers all parts
of each question
completely and accurately,
showing and explaining all
Mostly answers all parts of
each question completely
and accurately, showing
and explaining all steps,
Answers all parts of each
question completely and
accurately, showing and
explaining all steps,
Financial Planning and Control Summative Assessment: Outline & Rubric




evaluation of results where
applicable.
steps, calculations, and
solutions clearly, and
insightfully analyzing and
evaluating results where
applicable.
calculations, and solutions
clearly, and insightfully
analyzing and evaluating
results where applicable.
calculations, and
solutions clearly, and
insightfully analyzing and
evaluating results where
applicable.
Profitability and Cost
Analysis

Does not answer all parts
of each question
completely and provides a
weak analysis and
evaluation of results where
applicable.
Partially answers all parts
of each question
completely and accurately,
showing and explaining all
steps, calculations, and
solutions clearly and
insightfully analyzing and
evaluating results where
applicable.
Mostly answers all parts of
each question completely
and accurately, showing
and explaining all steps,
calculations and solutions
clearly, and insightfully
analyzing and evaluating
results where applicable.
Answers all parts of each
question completely and
accurately, showing and
explaining all steps,
calculations, and
solutions clearly and
insightfully analyzing and
evaluating results where
applicable.
Balanced Score Card

Provides a limited
description of each of the
four areas of a balanced
scorecard, an inadequate
definition of a KPI, and
real world examples of
KPIs that do not align to
each balanced score card
area.
Provides a mostly
accurate description of
each of the four areas of a
balanced scorecard, a
somewhat accurate
definition of a KPI, and
somewhat relevant real
world examples of KPIs for
each balanced score card
area.
Provides an accurate
description of each of the
four areas of a balanced
scorecard, an accurate
definition of a KPI, and
relevant real world
examples of KPIs for each
balanced score card area.
Provides a
comprehensive and
accurate description of
each of the four areas of
a balanced scorecard, an
accurate and clear
definition of a KPI, and
meaningful real world
examples of KPIs for
each balanced score card
area.


Appendix A: Managerial Accounting Problems

Problem #1: Proforma Statements

Prepare a common size income statement given the following information:

Revenues = $100,000
COGS = $43,000
SG&A = $22,000
Depreciation = $10,000
Financial Planning and Control Summative Assessment: Outline & Rubric




Interest Owed = $5,000
Tax Rate = 40%

Problem #2: Proforma Statements

Prepare a pro forma income statement from the data and common size income statement from #1, assuming that the sales will grow by
5% and all expenses but interest and taxes will scale with sales.

Problem #3: Capital Budgets

Rambus Inc. would like to purchase a production machine for $325,000. The machine is expected to have a life of three years, and a
salvage value of $50,000. Annual maintenance costs will total $12,500. Annual savings are predicted to be $112,500. The company's
required rate of return is 12%.

Required:
Ignoring the time value of money, calculate the net cash inflow or outflow resulting from this investment opportunity.


Problem #4: Capital Budgets

Rambus Inc. would like to purchase a production machine for $325,000. The machine is expected to have a life of three years, and a
salvage value of $50,000. Annual maintenance costs will total $12,500. Annual savings are predicted to be $112,500. The company's
required rate of return is 12%.

Factors: Present Value of $1
(r = 12%)
Year XXXXXXXXXX
Year XXXXXXXXXX
Year XXXXXXXXXX
Year XXXXXXXXXX

Required:
(1) Using the Present Value Factors for $1, calculate the net present value of this investment (ignoring taxes).

(2) Based on your answer in requirement 1, should Rambus purchase the production machine?
Financial Planning and Control Summative Assessment: Outline & Rubric






Problem #5: Capital Budgets

Lockwood Company would like to purchase a production machine for $900,000. The machine is expected to have a life of five years,
and a salvage value of $100,000. Annual maintenance costs will total $40,000. Annual savings are predicted to be $350,000. The
company only accepts projects that have a payback period of less than three years.

Required:
(1) Calculate the payback period for this project rounded to the nearest month. Show your work.

(2) Should the company accept this proposal? Explain.


Problem #6: Operating Budgets

Cathy’s Cookies produces cookies for resale at local grocery stores. The company is currently in the process of establishing a master
budget on a quarterly basis for this coming fiscal year, which ends December 31. Prior year quarterly sales were as follows (1 unit = 1
batch):

First quarter: 8,000 units
Second quarter: 9,600 units
Third quarter: 12,000
units
Fourth quarter: 10,400
units

Unit sales are expected to increase 20%, and each unit is expected to sell for $5. Management prefers to maintain ending finished
goods inventory equal to 15% of next quarter's sales. Assume finished goods inventory at the end of the fourth quarter budget period is
estimated to be 2,000 units.

Required:
(1) Prepare a sales budget for Cathy’s Cookies.
(2) Prepare a production budget for Cathy’s Cookies.
XXXXXXXXXXWhat can you interpret about Cathy’s Cookies Sales Budget? Trends?
Financial Planning and Control Summative Assessment: Outline & Rubric







Problem #7: Operating Budgets

Marker Products, Inc. sells all of its products on credit. The company expects to collect 65%of sales in the quarter of sale and 35% the
quarter following the sale. Accounts receivable at the end of last year totaled $3,000,000, all of which will be collected in the first quarter
of the coming year. Marker's sales budget shows the following projected sales revenues:

Quarter 1: $8,800,000
Quarter 2: $11,000,000
Quarter 3: $11,440,000
Quarter 4: $10,560,000

Required:
Prepare a budget for cash collections from sales for each of the four quarters.


Problem #8: Standard Costing and Variances


Jake’s Cheese Company produces gourmet cheese for resale at local grocery stores. The master budget indicates that the company
expects to use 3.0 pounds of direct materials for each unit produced at a cost of $8.00 per pound (one unit = one batch of cheese).
Each unit produced will require 0.50 direct labor hours at a cost of $10.00 per hour. Variable manufacturing overhead is applied based
on direct labor hours at a rate of $5.00 per hour. Last year's sales were expected to total 50,000 units. Jake just received last year's
actual results showing sales of 45,000 units.

Required:
(1) Calculate the standard cost per unit for direct materials, direct labor, and variable manufacturing overhead.
(2) Prepare a flexible budget based on actual sales for direct materials, direct labor, and variable manufacturing overhead.



Problem #9: Standard Costing & Variances

Financial Planning and Control Summative Assessment: Outline & Rubric




Jake’s Cheese Company produces gourmet cheese for resale at local grocery stores. Jake’s expected to use 3.0 pounds of direct
materials to produce one unit (batch) of product at a cost of $8 per pound. Actual results are in for last year, which indicates 45,000
batches of cheese were sold. The company purchased 160,000 pounds of materials at $7.50 per pound, and used 145,000 pounds in
production.

Required:
(1) Calculate the materials price variance.
(2) Calculate the materials quantity variance.
(3) Suggest several possible reasons for the materials price and quantity variances calculated in requirements (1) and (2).



Problem #10: Standard Costing & Variances

Jake’s Cheese Company produces gourmet cheese for resale at local grocery stores. Jake’s expected to use 0.50 direct labor hours to
produce one unit (batch) of product at a cost of $10 per hour. Actual results are in for last year, which indicates 45,000 batches of
cheese were sold. The company's direct labor workforce worked 27,500 hours at $9 per hour.

Required:
(1) Calculate the labor rate variance.
(2) Calculate the labor efficiency variance.
(3) Suggest several possible reasons for the labor rate and efficiency variances.


Problem #11: Standard Costing & Variances

Jake’s cheese Company produces gourmet cheese for resale at local grocery stores. Jake’s expected to use 0.50 direct labor hours to
produce one unit (batch) of product, and the variable overhead rate is $5.00 per hour. Actual results are in for last year, which indicates
45,000 batches of cheese were produced and sold. The company's direct labor workforce worked 27,500 hours, and variable overhead
costs totaled $144,000.

Required:
(1) Calculate the variable overhead spending variance.
(2) Calculate the variable overhead efficiency variance.
(3) Suggest several possible reasons for the variable overhead spending and efficiency variances.
Financial Planning and Control Summative Assessment: Outline & Rubric






Problem #12: Profitability & Cost Analysis

Car Deals Inc. has two divisions: New Cars and Used Cars. The following segmented financial information is for the most recent fiscal
year:

New Cars
Division
Used Cars
Division
Sales $9,000,000 $18,000,000
Cost of goods sold 3,300,000 8,700,000
Allocated overhead 1,050,000 2,550,000
Selling and administrative expenses 585,000 630,000

The New Cars division had average operating assets totaling $17,400,000 for the year, and the Used Cars division had average
operating assets of $22,800,000. Assume the cost of capital rate is 15%, and the company's tax rate is 40%.

Required:
a. Prepare a segmented income statement, including the profit margin ratio for each division at the bottom of the segmented income
statement.
b. Calculate return on investment (ROI) for each division.
c. Calculate residual income for each division.
d. Summarize the answers to parts a, b, and c. What does this information tell you about each division?


Problem #13: Balanced Scorecard

a. List the four areas of a balanced scorecard. Describe each area clearly and concisely.
b. Define a KPI
c. Pick a real world company and give an example of a KPI for each balanced scorecard area for that company.
Answered 16 days AfterMay 14, 2021

Solution

Bhavani M answered on May 31 2021
25 Votes

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