Summarize Maurice Barrès's views in his speech of 1898, including his view of the French government. Include short quotes from the text.
BARRES, ELECTION CAMPAIGN SPEECH 7 MAURICE BARRES Election Campaign Speech November 1, 1898 Voters, in opposition to a politics which aims only to satisfy hatreds, and whose only motive power is the greed to rule, I come to you again with those national and social ideas which you have praised before and will not reject today .... At the summits of society as in the depths of the provinces, in the moral order as in the material order, in the commercial, industrial, and agricul tural world and on to the building sites where French workers face com petition, the foreigner, like a parasite, poisons us. An essential element of the new French politics should be to protect all citizens against that invasion, and also to guard against that excessively cosmopolitan-or, rather, excessively German-socialism which would weaken the defense of the fatherland. The Jewish question is linked to the national question. Ranked by the Revolution with authentic Frenchmen, Jews kept their distinctive traits, and after having once been the persecuted, they became tyrants. We sup port the most complete freedom of conscience; further, we would consider it a grave danger to allow Jews the privilege of appealing to-and that way appearing to defend-the principles of civil liberty promulgated by the Revolution. [They] violate those principles through ... their habits of mo nopolizing, of speculation, of cosmopolitanism. Still further, in the army, in judicial offices, in ministries, in all our administration, they far exceed the percentage to which their numbers in the general population may en title them. They have been appointed prefects, judges, treasurers, of:fir,0rs because they have the money that corrupts .... [We] must do away with that dangerous inequality and obtain more respect for our authentic citi zens, the children of Gaul and not of J udaea .... For the past twenty years, the opportunist political system has favored Maurice Barres, Scenes et doctrines du nationalisme (Paris: Felix J uven, 1902), 432-34. Note: Translations by Michael Burns, unless otherwise noted. 8 THE EPOCH the Jew, the foreigner, the cosmopolitan. Those who commit this criminal error explain themselves by saying that exotic foreigners bring energetic elements to France. Some fine elements ... which have corrupted us rot ten! Here is the full truth: The energetic elements that French society re ally needs it will find in itself, in promoting the rise of the poorest, the most downtrodden, in raising them up to the greatest well-being, to the great est professional training. One sees how nationalism necessarily gives rise to socialism. We de fine socialism as "the material and moral improvement of the most nu merous and poorest class." After centuries the French nation has reached the point of giving its peo ple political security. Now it must protect them against the economic inse curity they suffer at every step.