# the instructions are in the pdf and it is to complete the lab and not be plagiarized. the final work should also not be posted anywhere online.

the instructions are in the pdf and it is to complete the lab and not be plagiarized. the final work should also not be posted anywhere online.

Measuring capacitance Capacitors are useful circuit elements because they can store charge. For a capacitor, there is a fundamental relationship between the applied voltage and the amount of charge stored on the capacitor. In this experiment you will measure the charge on a capacitor versus the applied voltage for several values of the applied voltage. A plot of charge vs. applied voltage should form a straight line with a slope equal to the capacitance. (1) You will use this relation to measure the capacitance of capacitors with different areas and distances between plates. Then you will verify the relation below using these different values. (2) objectives ·Determine the mathematical relationship between charge, applied voltage, and capacitance. ·Determine the capacitance of a capacitor. ·Verify the theoretical formula MATERIALS Computer w/ internet access Logger Pro or Excel PRELIMINARY Setup Do the following by yourself to get idea how to use tools on simulation page. 1.Go to the following website. https://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/capacitor-lab-basics 2. Open the capacitor only screen. 3. Play with the controls until you are familiar with how they work. Make sure you can use the voltmeter to measure the potential difference between the plates. 4. The screen will look like this. PROCEDURE You will measure the capacitance for each capacitor using the following protocol. Note that the theoretical value is given to you at the top of the screen----your fit of your data should agree with this value. 1.Open the website and capacitance page. Go to capacitance page. Click “Top plate charge” on the top left on the screen. Also, make sure that the options on top right are clicked for “Plate charges”, “Bar Graph”. Record the value of capacitance (theoretical value given at the top left of the screen), Separation between plates (d), Area of the plates (A) from this page. 2.Connect voltmeter between plates of the capacitor. The voltage in battery and voltmeter will be zero at this time. The screen will look like this. Position voltmeter to measure potential difference. 3.Now start changing voltage of the battery from 0 V to 1.4 V in steps of 0.2 V and record corresponding values of charge (Q) of the plates from the screen (shown on the screen at the top left). Look at the screen shot for the value of 0.6 V voltage (V) of battery, the charge (Q) 0.18 pC and theoretical capacitance (Cth) is 0.30 pF. 4. Record these values in Table 1 for V and Q1. 5. Now pick a different Area (A) and distance (d) between the capacitor plates by pulling arrows outwards or inwards and change A and d. 6. You will repeat the above steps from 1-4 for this value of A and d. Fill out Table 1 with Q2 Values. Here is how screen will look with different A and d. 7. Now pick another value of A and d and then repeat steps from 1-4 and fill out Table 1 with Q3. 8. When complete table 1, use Excel or LoggerPro to plot a graph between Q (Y axis) and V (X axis) for all three columns and you will get three linear graphs for Q and V. Do linear curve fitting and determine slope. The slope is called capacitance obtained by slope as (Cs). Remember to use SI units when plotting which means Q should be in C and V should be in V! Include all plots with fits in lab report. 9. Here are unit conversion if you need help with. 1 mm = 1 *10^-3 m, 1mm^2 = 1*10^-6 m^2, 1pF = 1*10^-12 F, 1pC = 1*10^-12C 10. You will also calculate value of Capacitance using equation 2 and that capacitance will be called as Cc which means calculated capacitance. 11. When you complete this task, fill out the Data table 2 with values of three different areas (A), separation (d), theoretical capacitance (Cth), calculated capacitance (Cc) and slope capacitance (Cs). 12. Find percent error between three values of C as shown in the table 2. DATA TABLEs Data Table 1 Voltage (V) Q1 (C) Q2 (C) Q3 (C) 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 Data Table 2 capacitor A (mm2) d (mm) Theoretical Cth (pF) Calculated Cc (pF) Slope - Cs (pF) Percent Error 1 for Cth and Cc Percent Error 1 for Cth and Cs 1 2 3 ANALYSIS 1.You have already plotted the Q vs. V and determined the slopes. This is the first part of the analysis. Put these slopes in column 4 of data table 2. 2.For the second part of the analysis, use Eq. (2) and the data in columns 2 and 3 in data table 2 to calculate the capacitance for each capacitor geometry you measured. Put these values in column 6 of data table 2. 3. You will compare the results of C in columns 4 and 5, 4 and 6 in your lab report.
Answered 1 days AfterApr 08, 2024

## Answer To: the instructions are in the pdf and it is to complete the lab and not be plagiarized. the final work...

Baljit answered on Apr 10 2024
Objectives
· Determine the mathematical relationship between charge, applied voltage, and capacitan
ce.
· Determine the capacitance of a capacitor.
· Verify the theoretical formula
Materials
· Computer w/ internet access
· Logger Pro or Excel
Theory
Capacitance: Capacitance (C) is the ability of a capacitor to store electrical charge and is defined as the ratio of the charge (Q) stored on one of its plates to the potential difference (V) across the plates.
Capacitance of Parallel Plate Capacitor: For a parallel plate capacitor, the capacitance (C) is given by the formula
Here ε₀ is the vacuum permittivity, A is the area of overlap between the plates, and d is the separation distance between the plates.
Measurement of...
SOLUTION.PDF