Violent Crime RateIntroduction
There is more to violent crime then one might think. For instance, it is composed of five offenses. They are: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. The definition of a violent crime is a crime that involves force or threats of force. It comes as no surprise that these five offenses have the greatest impact on people and the crime rate. These crimes are ones that cannot be planned for, and do not just impact the individuals involved, but everyone.
For example, when a murder is committed, the two main people involved are the murderer and the deceased. These two people had families of their own, wives, children, parents, etc. All of these people are affected by the crime, like a ripple made when a rock is thrown into the water. This spreads into the community as well, creating many emotions such as: anger, fear, resentment, sadness, etc.
With this in mind, it surprises not one that there have been organizations, including the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) that have been conducting studies in order to determine correlations between violent crime rate variance between states and the dependent variables.
There are many potential questions posed to the FBI, as well as potential correlations, which the FBI’s statistical team looks into.One of these questions is: why does the violent crime rate vary from state to state?
By the end of this paper, I hope to be able to answer this question or at least shed some light on it. I believe that many Americans would like to know the answer to this question, because in solving this riddle, the citizens of America will be able to take precautions against violent crimes.DataSample and Variable Definition
As in any data, there is an X and a Y which represent the variables. The sample being used for this data set is the fifty states in the United States. The data I used for this data set was taken from government websites such as: the Federal Bureau of Investigations statistics as well as U.S. Department of Justice Data and statistical state data regarding violent crimes.
The independent variable (or Y) is the data regarding violent crimes committed. The dependent variables (or X) include: population density, education, and poverty. In order to maintain consistency, the education level begins at a high school diploma and hits the top at a Ph.D. The poverty level is provided by the national standard as well.
The population density was chosen as a dependent variable for a number of reasons. First, the population density measures the amount of people that are in an area. This can be compared to the number of crimes reported. Secondly, knowing the number of people in a state, where they tend to cluster and the crime rate will allow us to see if there is a correlation between more people and a higher crime rate. From my prior knowledge, I expect the population density to positively affect the crime rate.