Use this prompts as the basis for a 4-5 page (no fewer than four full pages, no more than five full pages) critical essay on the Odyssey:1) Odysseus and cleverness. The first line of The Odyssey is...

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Use this prompts as the basis for a 4-5 page (no fewer than four full pages, no more than five full pages) critical essay on the Odyssey:








1) Odysseus and cleverness. The first line of The Odyssey is “Tell me about a complicated man,” and complicated Odysseus is. Multiply described—by self, or others—as “deceitful,” “strategizing,” “wily,” and “lying,” how do you see the central quality of cunning as it relates to Odysseus? Is it a virtue? Who might see it that way? Or perhaps is it an extension of hubris, or pride? What do you think motivates Odysseus? In what ways does the text seem to celebrate or critique that motivation? And, significantly, are there moments where we—as contemporary readers—might hold a separate relationship with respect to these qualities as ancient audiences might?










You do not have to answer




all of





these questions, but I do want you to interrogate the notion of







cunning





and




cleverness





—as virtuous qualities, or as negative, pejorative descriptions—as it pertains to Odysseus’s behavior and character.




Write





an argumentative essay




that reflects on how Odysseus





(and others!)




perceive this quality of







cunningness.




























Important: the only book version that needs to be use for this essays is:








https://www.amazon.com/Odyssey-Homer-ebook/dp/B06XKNHGN1/


Answered 6 days AfterSep 27, 2023

Answer To: Use this prompts as the basis for a 4-5 page (no fewer than four full pages, no more than five full...

Dipali answered on Sep 30 2023
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Contents
Introduction    3
The Virtue of Cunning    3
The Vice of Cunning: An Extension of Hubris    4
Motivations of Odysseus    5
Celebration and Critique of Cunning    5
Contemporary Perspective vs. Ancient Audience    6
Conclusion    7
Introduct
ion
    The Odyssey, composed almost three thousand years ago, is an epic poem: "epic" both in the sense that it is long, and in the sense that it presents itself as telling an important story, in the traditional, formulaic language used by archaic poets for singing the tales of gods, wars, journeys, and the collective memories and experience of the Greek-speaking world (Book location 49 of 12267). The first phase of The Odyssey, one of the founding pieces of Western literature, is "Tell me about a complicated man. Muse, tell me how he wandered and was lost when he had wrecked the holy town of Troy, and where he went, and who he met, the pain he suffered in the storms at sea, and how he worked to save his life and bring his men back home" (Book location 1-4, location 1623). The epic's main figure, Odysseus, is portrayed in a variety of ways by Homer. Common adjectives used to describe Odysseus include "deceitful," "strategizing," "wily," and "lying." The issue of cunning and cleverness as it relates to Odysseus is explored in this article, along with his motivations, whether it is a virtue or an extension of hubris, and how the text both praises and criticizes his cunning. It also examines the various viewpoints that modern readers could have towards these features in contrast to ancient audiences.
The Virtue of Cunning
    “Go blame your precious mother! She is cunning” (Book line 90, location 2023) If understood in the perspective of survival, Odysseus' cunning might be seen as a virtue. He uses his humor and knowledge to get past several challenges on his difficult voyage. For instance, Odysseus' wit and ingenuity enable him to escape under the sheep from the Cyclops Polyphemus. This clever move not only demonstrates his brilliance but also guarantees the lives of his troops. This would have been considered admirable by ancient audiences, who would have praised Odysseus for his ingenuity and fast thinking. Additionally, Odysseus' ingenuity is essential to his psychological endurance as well as his physical survival. He uses lies and stories to conceal his identity throughout his protracted absence from home, which enables him to outsmart the suitors in his palace once he returns. His resiliency and constant commitment to finding his family again are demonstrated by his clever abilities to think and adapt. The book also extols Odysseus' wit by highlighting the numerous occasions in which he outwits deities and fantastical beings. He demonstrated his cunning as a heroic characteristic by successfully avoiding Circe's spells and negotiating the perilous waters of Scylla and Charybdis. Odysseus'...
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