Division of Labour
Division of labour is a concept which divides the manufacturing or retail processes into small stages so that workers can work on specific tasks rather than everyone involving in every single task, and it can help to increase the organization's efficiency (Smith, 1776).
I agree that segregating the process of having specialists in one field can be an excellent solution to increase productivity in a business. However, there are reasons why we should not apply this method to society today.
First, human beings can quickly get bored when doing the same thing repeatedly. It happens in our lìfe even with little things. For example, no one can be excited about eating the same food in every meal. Therefore, getting an employee to work on a task continuously will get them bored, and it can lead to low motivation at work. In the long run, workers will lose interest in what they are doing, and mistakes will happen. More seriously, it can make the whole system stop producing if the tasks are linked together. For instance, worker B can not do his/her job because worker A did not complete his/her task.
Second, in today's world, everything is evolving very fast, especially technology. In terms of accuracy, humans can not compete with machines. Machines are set to utilize their functions to do repetitive tasks with a high accuracy weight better compare to humans. Moreover, it is a waste if people are used to doing simple tasks as it can kill our creativity.
Last, the cost of hiring and training 100 employees will be higher than that of a machine.
In conclusion, segregating the tasks can help to improve the business in terms of productivity, but using people to run this method is not appropriate in today's world. For repeated tasks, machines will be a better option while people can supervise the machines and perform more complicated tasks.
Smith, A XXXXXXXXXXThe Wealth of Nations.