APPENDIX B: ASSIGNMENT 3 – CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF EVIDENCE Students are required to demonstrate their ability to critically appraise two pieces of evidence (i.e., primary research studies) provided,...

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APPENDIX B: ASSIGNMENT 3 – CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF EVIDENCE Students are required to demonstrate their ability to critically appraise two pieces of evidence (i.e., primary research studies) provided, highlighting methodological rigour of the studies, at a foundational level using a validated critical appraisal tool. Purpose and rationale: This assignment requires you to demonstrate critical appraisal of two published research studies. This is a skill central to effective clinical practice and in many instances throughout your career, where you will be required to locate and apply best available evidence to support clinical decisions. Instructions: • You are expected to critically appraise the two research studies provided in HLSC122 LEO Assessment Task 3 tile. • The research studies should be accessed as a full text and critically appraised using an appropriate Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) checklist. • This assignment must be supported by a minimum of four references, which need to be valid and varied academic sources (i.e., textbooks listed in unit outline). However, you are encouraged to use more references if needed to support your discussion. • Your essay should have in-text references as per APA 7th referencing style (i.e., author, year). You should refer to the Page 17 of 21 Version: 202230 Final moderated 18.2.2022 APPENDIX C: Assessment 3 - Written Assessment Essay 50%, 1500 words Use the subheadings to address the assessment objectives. Address both publications in your response (1) Problem and Research Question (150 words) • Accurately and concisely describes the problem very well. Correctly states the research question or study hypothesis, and study aims. • Provides a brief summary of all key elements of justification correctly, noting significance of the problem, current research knowledge and gaps in research. (2) Critical appraisal (600 words) • Correctly answers all CASP questions regarding the reliability of the study. • Identifies and describes the strengths and weaknesses of the study and discusses whether biases are present in how the study was undertaken (methods used). • Provides a detailed explanation of how the research findings have answered the research question, study hypothesis or study’s aim/s. • States correctly at least two limitations of the study (as cited by the authors) in their discussion section, and clearly states how these limitations may impact on the implementation of the research findings in clinical practice. (3) CASP checklist and appraisal summary (150 words) • All relevant sections of the CASP checklist are correctly answered and a detailed rationale to each CASP question is provided. The appraisal summary is completed stating the student’s conclusion of the methodological rigour of the publication. (4) Application - outcome & methodological rigour (300 words) • Accurately describes all outcomes of the study. • Demonstrates effective problem solving in describing the critical appraisal of the publications and accurately applies the critical appraisal to how the research publications have been written up.
Answered 1 days AfterMay 18, 2022

Answer To: APPENDIX B: ASSIGNMENT 3 – CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF EVIDENCE Students are required to demonstrate their...

Shubham answered on May 20 2022
88 Votes
Running Head: NURSING                                    1
NURSING                                            9
Table of Contents
References    7
(1) Problem and Research Question
Article 1
Research Question
Are VR mthods helpful during pain procedures in children?
Virtual reality (VR) is a technological advancement which can be installed i
n phones and help children to be free without having any fear of risk during paediatric procedures which can be painful (Indovina, 2018). It diverts the attention from procedures and have analgesic effect.
Research gap
The pain levels measured were assessed by doctors or parents and thus they are biased. The children who were part of the research did not experience the VR before and there can be another segment from 4-6 years of age which could have have crucial for the outcomes.
Significance of problem
There are limited studies done on the topic. Those which were conducted did not include fear in it.
The study aims at examining the VR methods on procedure-related pains, fear and anxiety among children aged between 5-12 during blood draw.
Article 2
Research Question
How thirst and the problem of dry mouth during critical illness can be controlled?
Often patients feel thrist and dry mouth during criticall illness and fiind themselves unable to explain the symptoms. When they are in ICU this problem even rise to pain, hunger, anxiety, stress, confusion etc (VonStein,, 2019). The problem of thirst and dry mouth can be solved. There is a need to identify it and start due intervention for the patients.
Research gap
The research assistants conducted the study so there is possibility of differences in interpreting of results. Based on three days data the study was concluded.
Significance of problem
This problem is quite intense and often left unattended in patients sufferening from critical illness. Moreover, they are not in a position where they could explain their feelings or ask for intervention.
To demonstrate that the intervention taken for dry and thirst mouth is effective and give them relief.
(2) Critical appraisal
Article 1
• Reliability of the study.
The study design is valid because the randomization was done by computer and not manually. Total 136 children were made part of the study after all the different kind of eliminations. The method can be refined more by selecting children who have experienced VR before. The results showed that there was no statistical superiority. During blood draw moderate relationship was present between control group and fear and control group and anxiety.
• Strengths and weaknesses of the study
The strength of the study is that it is quite relevant and directed according to the research aim. It helped in understanding different methods with ease and also recommended techniques to make VR is an easy process.
The weakness is that the participants never experienced VR before and biased results were made part of the study. While conducting study two groups were formed but children placed in them randomly.
• Explanation of research findings
The research findings were...

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