From chapter 5, What are the ethical theories that support making a treatment decision for a patient even when he or she does not want treatment?

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From chapter 5, What are the ethical theories that support making a treatment decision for a patient even when he or she does not want treatment?


Health Care Ethics: Critical Issues for the 21st Century HEALTH CARE ETHICS Critical Issues for the 21st Century Edited by Eileen E. Morrison, EdD, MPH, LPC, CHES Professor, School of Health Administration Texas State University, San Marcos San Marcos, Texas Beth Furlong, PhD, JD, RN Associate Professor Emerita, Center for Health Policy and Ethics Creighton University Omaha, Nebraska FOURTH EDITION World Headquarters Jones & Bartlett Learning 5 Wall Street Burlington, MA 01803 978-443-5000 [email protected] www.jblearning.com Jones & Bartlett Learning books and products are available through most bookstores and online booksellers. To contact Jones & Bartlett Learning directly, call 800-832-0034, fax 978-443-8000, or visit our website, www.jblearning.com. Substantial discounts on bulk quantities of Jones & Bartlett Learning publications are available to corporations, professional associations, and other qualified organizations. 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Any individuals and scenarios featured in the case studies throughout this product may be real or fictitious, but are used for instructional purposes only. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the Subject Matter covered. It is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional service. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the service of a competent professional person should be sought. Production Credits VP, Product Management: David D. Cella Director of Product Management: Michael Brown Product Specialist: Danielle Bessette Production Manager: Carolyn Rogers Pershouse Vendor Manager: Molly Hogue Senior Marketing Manager: Sophie Fleck Teague Manufacturing and Inventory Control Supervisor: Amy Bacus Composition: codeMantra U.S. LLC Project Management: codeMantra U.S. LLC Cover Design: Kristin E. Parker Rights & Media Specialist: Robert Boder Media Development Editor: Shannon Sheehan Cover Image: © nixki/Shutterstock; © Dutourdumonde Photography/Shutterstock.  Printing and Binding: Edwards Brothers Malloy Cover Printing: Edwards Brothers Malloy Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Names: Morrison, Eileen E., editor. | Furlong, Elizabeth, editor. Title: Health care ethics: critical issues for the 21st century / edited by Eileen Morrison, Beth Furlong. Other titles: Health care ethics (Morrison) Description: Fourth edition. | Burlington, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning, [2019] | Includes bibliographical references and index. Identifiers: LCCN 2017043204 | ISBN 9781284124910 (pbk.: alk. paper) Subjects: | MESH: Bioethical Issues | Delivery of Health Care—ethics | Ethics, Clinical Classification: LCC R724 | NLM WB 60 | DDC 174.2—dc23 LC record available at https://lccn.loc.gov/2017043204 6048 Printed in the United States of America 22 21 20 19 18 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 mailto:[email protected] http://www.jblearning.com http://www.jblearning.com mailto:[email protected] https://lccn.loc.gov/2017043204 Writing is always a collaboration. While writers have unique ways of seeing the world, they are influenced by their experiences, research, and education. Therefore, I dedicate this edition of Health Care Ethics: Critical Issues for the 21st Century to all those who contributed to chapters in this work and those who supported me through its creation. First, there is my immediate family, Grant, Kate, Emery Aidan, and Morrigan Leigh, who listened and encouraged. There are also colleagues, relatives, and friends who provided feedback and a lift of spirit when I needed it. Finally, there is my publisher, Michael Brown; my coeditor, Beth Furlong; and my Jones & Bartlett Learning editor, Danielle Bessette. They each added much to the quality and integrity of this work. –Eileen E. Morrison Mentors facilitate one’s journey. My gratitude goes to Dr. Amy Haddad and colleagues at Creighton University’s Center for Health Policy and Ethics. I value the ever-present support of my husband, Robert Ramaley. Furthering the ethics education of others with this book is possible because of the collegiality and support of my coeditor, Dr. Eileen Morrison. It has been a professional pleasure to work with her. –Beth Furlong iv © f11photo/Shutterstock Contents Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii About the Editors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x PART I Foundations in Theory 1 Chapter 1 Theory of Healthcare Ethics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ethics and Health Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ethical Relativism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Ethics Theories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Ethics Theories and Their Value to Healthcare Professionals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Questions for Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Chapter 2 Principles of Healthcare Ethics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 Nonmaleficence . . . . . . . . . . .
Answered Same DayJan 30, 2024

Answer To: From chapter 5, What are the ethical theories that support making a treatment decision for a patient...

Ayan answered on Jan 31 2024
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WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT        2
WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT
Table of contents
Introduction    3
Paternalism    3
Beneficence    3
Deontology    4
Challenges and Criticisms    4
Conclusion    6
References    8
Introduction
    Complex ethical questions arise when it comes to whether medical pe
rsonnel should make treatment decisions for a patient against their expressed preferences. The ethical theories covered in Chapter 5 offer a basis for supporting these choices under certain circumstances. In order to explain how paternalism, beneficence, and deontology—three well-known ethical theories—support the notion of making treatment decisions for patients even in cases when those patients disagree or reject the suggested course of action, this article will examine each of these ideas in detail.
Paternalism
    According to the ethical principle of paternalism, one should always act in the patient's best interest, even if it means limiting their freedom of choice (Edel, 2020). Paternalism proponents contend that medical personnel have a moral duty to safeguard and advance patients' well-being because of their training and experience. Paternalistic intervention becomes acceptable when a patient's choice might result in serious injury or even death. On the other hand, opponents of paternalism stress the significance of upholding human autonomy, claiming that capable people are entitled to make decisions regarding their own lives, even if such choices appear foolish.
Beneficence
    The duty to do well and advance the patient's well-being is emphasized by the beneficence principle (Dreger, 2020). Healthcare practitioners may utilize beneficence as a defense when deciding not to treat a patient when it is seen to be in their best interests. This happens when a patient refuses treatment that is considered vital for their health and safety. The claim is that by administering care, the medical expert is working in the patient's best interest and attempting to enhance general wellbeing. Finding the point at which the advantages of therapy outweigh respect for patient autonomy is difficult, though.
Deontology
    According to Immanuel Kant's deontological ethics, certain actions are inherently good or terrible, independent of the outcome. In the context of medical decision-making, deontology supports the idea that medical professionals have duties and responsibilities that extend beyond merely respecting patient autonomy. According to deontological principles, medical personnel have a moral duty to provide therapy if it is judged to be morally necessary, even if the patient refuses (Kaptchuk, Hemond & Miller, 2020)....
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