Research and compare the cases of Quinlan, Cruzan, and Schiavo. During your research, you should read about patient self-determination, right to die, advance care planning, ethical issues in right to...

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Research and compare the cases of Quinlan, Cruzan, and Schiavo. During your research, you should read about patient self-determination, right to die, advance care planning, ethical issues in right to die cases, the moral significance of family decision making, and ethical issues concerning physician-assisted suicide.










After you have completed these tasks, write a paper on: Death, Dying, and the Law in America. What are the ethical dilemmas and legal considerations families and providers will be faced with? Do you think that these ethical dilemmas and legal considerations are more important than they were in the past? What ethics issues related to death, medicine, and the family decision-making do you think will apply and be present as the patients experience the dying process today?



Summarization and/or Conclusions



Write a thoughtful and detailed summarization and/or conclusion of your term paper showing how you compared and integrated the Saint Leo core values of community, integrity, and excellence into the selected topic.
Answered 7 days AfterJan 30, 2024

Answer To: Research and compare the cases of Quinlan, Cruzan, and Schiavo. During your research, you should...

Dipali answered on Feb 07 2024
11 Votes
WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT        2
WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT
Table of contents
Introduction    3
Patient Self-Determination and Right to Die    3
Advance Care Planning and Ethical Issues    5
Physician-Assisted Suicide    6
Moral Significance of Family Decision-Making    8
Ethical Dilemmas and Legal Considerations    9
Comparative Analysis: Past vs. Present    10
Ethical Issues in the Dying Process Today    11
Saint Leo Core Values Integration    11
Conclusion    11
References    13
Introduction
America's complex relationship between death, dying, and the law has led to a number of moral conundrums and legal issues. Analy
sing famous examples like Quinlan, Cruzan, and Schiavo sheds light on how patient autonomy, family decision-making, and the divisive subject of physician-assisted suicide are changing. Following the Quinlan case in 1976, which set a precedent for patient autonomy, further court cases like Cruzan (1990) highlighted the crucial importance of prior care planning. The Schiavo case from 2005 brought even more attention to the moral importance of family decision-making while making end-of-life decisions. The debate around assisted suicides legality, autonomy, and ethical considerations surrounding interventions is subject to change as society viewpoints and medical technologies progress. This essay explores this complexity, evaluating whether moral conundrums and legal issues are more important today than they were in the past and including the community, honesty, and excellence basic ideals of Saint Leo to provide a thorough perspective.
Patient Self-Determination and Right to Die
Historic instances like Quinlan, Cruzan, and Schiavo brought substantial legal and ethical acceptance to the concepts of patient self-determination and the right to die. A groundbreaking precedent for patient autonomy was set in the Quinlan case of 1976 when the New Jersey Supreme Court decided that competent people had the right to decline life-sustaining medical care. The ethical requirement to follow an individual's desires, even when those wants entail refusing medical interventions, was recognised at a turning point in this judgement. The 1990 Cruzan case took the discussion of patient autonomy even farther. The U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the fundamental idea that end-of-life decision-making requires explicit and compelling proof of a patient's preferences, ideally in the form of written instruments like durable powers of attorney or living wills. This ruling highlighted the need of prior care planning and encouraged people to express their wishes in writing so that their autonomy is maintained even in situations when they are incapacitated.
The right to die gained attention from the public in 2005 due to the Schiavo case. The lengthy court dispute among Terri Schiavo's relatives on whether to keep receiving life-sustaining care or stop it highlighted how difficult it may be to determine a patient's preferences in the absence of clear documentation. The case brought up moral concerns regarding the proper degree of medical intervention and the importance of the patient autonomy concept. Taken together, these instances shed light on how patient autonomy is developing. The right to die, which is based on the idea of personal autonomy, is now a crucial aspect of legal and medical ethics. Together, the Quinlan, Cruzan, and Schiavo instances highlight how crucial proactive advance care planning is to preserving patient autonomy even in situations where the patient is unable to communicate their desires.
Furthermore, declining life-sustaining care is not the only way to exercise one's right to die. It includes the more general idea of giving people the option to terminate their life in specific circumstances. This part of the right to die has spurred heated discussions over physician-assisted suicide, in which people get help from a doctor to end their lives sooner. The idea of patient self-determination raises concerns about whether people should have the ability to intentionally terminate their life with the help of a healthcare professional, even though it is not addressed in these circumstances. To sum up, patient autonomy and the right to pass away have become essential elements of medical ethics and legal matters. Together, the Quinlan, Cruzan, and Schiavo cases have shaped a framework that respects and acknowledges people's autonomy in choosing their own end-of-life care. The continuous discussion around the right to die emphasises the need for a sophisticated strategy that respects personal preferences while taking into account the many moral and legal issues related to making end-of-life decisions.
Advance Care Planning and Ethical Issues
Advance care planning (ACP), which addresses the moral dilemmas associated with delaying or stopping life-sustaining treatment, is essential in guiding end-of-life decisions. Quinlan, Cruzan, and Schiavo's experiences highlight the value of proactive and recorded ACP, highlighting its moral implications and the obligation of healthcare providers to respect patients' choices. The U.S. Supreme Court emphasised the moral necessity of advance care planning in the Cruzan case of 1990. The ruling reaffirmed the need for precise and compelling proof of a patient's desires, ideally in the form of written records. When a patient is unable to verbalise their wishes, ACP enables them to convey their values, objectives, and treatment choices, giving healthcare professionals a framework for decision-making.
When thinking about denying or discontinuing life-sustaining care in accordance with advance care arrangements, ethical concerns come up. Particularly evident is the conflict between protecting life and honouring the patient's autonomy. The ethical precept of the sanctity of life frequently clashes with the idea of autonomy, necessitating a cautious equilibrium to preserve both. Religious and cultural views...
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