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Voluntary Assisted Dying (VAD) should be made available for people in Australia who live with a severe and pervasive mental illness (SPMI) and demonstrate decision-making capacity. In the essay you must offer a “balanced view” of the topic, which means that you must include alternative ethical perspectives that may not match your ultimate ethical stance but require consideration. You are not being asked to write an unsubstantiated opinion piece but are developing a logical evidenced ethical position. 1. Start with a clear introduction that tells the reader what to expect. A good introduction contains: • Some brief background information on the ethical importance of the topic. • A clear thesis-statement, where you tell the reader briefly where your ultimate ethical stance on the issue. Frame this in a way which ‘advises the reader where your argument is going to end up’ - for example “A range of ethical arguments will be presented to support the assertion that.....” (Note: You should not even determine your ethical stance (intro & conclusion) until you have written the body of your essay. Don’t go in with pre-conceived assumptions). 2. The body of your essay: • This is where you explore in detail how each of the bioethical principles relates to the topic of your essay. This may ultimately support your central argument, or it may be presenting alternate/opposing views (all should be included). i. Autonomy: Is the patient’s autonomy being respected or not? Can it be respected? Are there challenges in supporting this ethical principle? ii. Beneficence: Is the intention to achieve the best possible outcome for the patient? Are there challenges in supporting this ethical principle? iii. Non-Maleficence: Is un-necessary harm to the patient being avoided? Is it necessary to ‘harm’ the patient? Are there challenges in supporting this ethical principle? iv. Justice: Are patients receiving equitable care regarding their needs and the available resources? Are there valid reasons for treating certain patients inequitably? • In the body of the essay, you also need to include discussion of other ethical concepts such as human dignity, veracity, codes of ethics, and professional codes of conduct. Ideally, these are integrated through the discussion. • At some point you will have to justify the values judgment that you make in determining what takes ethical precedence, and why you may have to compromise on any of the four bioethical principles. This is where the other ethical theories become useful. i. Utilitarian thinking: Are you aiming for the best possible outcome for the greatest good/benefits for the greatest number? Can you demonstrate ethically that it is, indeed, a “good” outcome? ii. Deontological thinking: Is there a duty or rule that necessitates or forbids a particular type of action? Can you explain why this duty exists? iii. Virtue-Ethics thinking: Does the proposed action conform to what we might expect of the moral character virtues of health-care professionals? iv. Ethics-of-Care thinking: Is the patient being consulted with a benevolent attitude, and is there sufficient dialogue with the patient to work out what is morally best in his or her specific situation? Is there potential for conflict with any general rules of moral conduct? v. Natural Law: Are there applicable universal and objective moral norms to which each person, when acting reasonably and responsibly, should respond? 3. Your conclusion should summarise and round-off your discussion on the topic. You should: • Concisely summarise how your ideas collectively support your ethical stance • State your ethical stance. Frame this in stronger language than in the introduction - for example “...as demonstrated in the ethical arguments presented, it is/is not ... ”. • offer some brief concluding remarks on the topic. • Consider the application of the bioethical principles that have been discussed in the unit. • Consider the application of ethical theories and other ethical concepts to the chosen topic. • Based on the evidence, construct a written discussion that clearly presents these ethical considerations and the ethical dilemma/s. You need to present multiple perspectives on the topic. • Based on the evidence determine and then specify your ethical stance. • Present your work in a formal academic essay using APA referencing that includes an introduction, discussion, and conclusion Target Audience Healthcare professionals
Answered 2 days AfterMay 06, 2024

Answer To: 12 to 15 refrences please

P answered on May 08 2024
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Ethical Considerations of Voluntary Assisted Dying for Severe and Pervasive Mental Illness in Australia
Introduction
The moral talk encompassing voluntary assisted dying (VAD) is portrayed by its complexity, especially while considering its likely application for people wrestling with extreme and severe and pervasive mental illness (SPMI). Within the Australian medical
services scene, where the standards of patient autonomy, usefulness, non-maleficence, and equity are fundamental, the incorporation of VAD as a possibility for those with SPMI presents a significant ethical dilemma (Hughes et.al., 2020).
Autonomy, an essential fundamental of clinical morals, highlights people's privileges to self-assurance in healthcare choices (Braithwaite & Ninan, 2024). Notwithstanding, the evaluation of dynamic limit turns out to be remarkably unpredictable with regards to psychological illness, where impedances in judgment and knowledge can confound one's capacity to settle on rational decisions (Kim et al., 2020). This brings up basic issues about the practicality of regarding independence with regards to SPMI and VAD, particularly given the potential for cultural shame and separation to impact view of patient capacity.
Beneficence, the moral guideline stressing activities that advance the well-being of patients, is evoked by advocates of VAD for SPMI. That's what they contend permitting people to take their lives based on their conditions can ease terrible mental misery. However, this dispute is met with suspicion from the individuals who alert against the chance of misdiagnosis or insufficient treatment, prompting untimely choices about VAD (Hawton et al., 2020).
Non-maleficence, the commitment to try not to inflict any kind of damage, highlights worries about the potential risks related with VAD for people with SPMI (Isaac, 2023). While proponents contend that prolonged suffering raise legitimate worries about the chance of coercion, abuse, and unanticipated outcomes, like the irreversibility of the decision (Dawson et al., 2018).
Justice, guaranteeing impartial appropriation of assets and fair treatment, is principal in discussions of VAD for SPMI. Be that as it may, questions emerge with respect to whether marginalized populations have equivalent admittance to mental healthcare support services. Disparities in light of socioeconomic status and geological area compound imbalances, further complicating ethical deliberations (Szmukler et al., 2015).
Besides these fundamental bioethical standards, other moral ideas like human pride, veracity, and professional codes of conduct assume critical parts in shaping the discussions on VAD for SPMI. Besides, different ethical theories, including utilitarianism, deontology, temperance morals, morals of-care, and normal regulation hypothesis, offer assorted structures for examining the complexities of the issue.
Against this background, this essay aims to explore the ethical considerations encompassing the accessibility of VAD for people with SPMI in Australia. Through a comprehensive exploration of moral viewpoints and hypotheses, a nuanced comprehension of the moral ramifications of VAD for this vulnerable populace will be achieved, culminating in a defined ethical stance.
Autonomy
Regarding autonomy is a foundation of medical ethics, certifying people's freedoms to self-administration in issues relating to their wellbeing and prosperity. With regards to Voluntary assisted dying(VAD) for severe and pervasive mental illness (SPMI), autonomy takes on an uplifted importance, as it involves perceiving the individual ability to make decisions about their end-regarding life care. Besides, challenges emerge in evaluating dynamic limit...
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