Q1. High blood pressure defined as the medical term Hypertension, is known to effect one in seven Australians and is one of the leading elements to a global health problem according to ("High blood...

1 answer below »
Q1. High blood pressure defined as the medical term Hypertension, is known to effect one
in seven Australians and is one of the leading elements to a global health problem according
to ("High blood pressure", XXXXXXXXXXHypertension progressively increases the pressure of
blood flow causing damage and narrowing of the arteries; this may lead to an individual to
develop side effects such as strokes, heart attacks and chronic kidney disease, this has been
recognised through the studies of ("How high blood pressure can affect your body", 2020).
Stated in ("5 things you can do to look after your kidneys today", 2021) Kidneys work
simultaneously together to remove excess fluids, unwanted chemicals and waste within the
human body. The circulatory system and the Renal system interact together to achieve
overall health and well-being. Uncontrolled high blood pressure causes functioning arteries
around the kidneys to constrict and coagulate, impacting the supply of blood delivery to the
kidney tissues. The functional unit of the kidney is the nephron; Kidneys consist of multiple
nephrons that play a significant role in the filtration and purification of blood, keeping blood
pressure in a healthy range. Failed kidneys are unable to assist in regulating blood pressure
and as a result blood pressure will continue to increase. Statistics mentioned by author
(Craft J et al XXXXXXXXXXUnderstanding Pathophysiology 3e Australia New Zealand 3rd) have
proven that 1 in 3 adults living in Australia and New Zealand have hypertension and renal
failure. Preventing hypertension through the progression of Chronic Kidney Disease are a
combination of lifestyle choices one individual inhibits; such as being physically active,
maintaining a healthy weight, diet and consumption of toxins such as cigarettes and alcohol.
Signs and symptoms of CKD may indicate the following; increased blood pressure, weight
loss, nausea, shortness of breath and fatigue. Renal Failure occurs in 5 stages according to
Medical News Today ("Kidney failure: Types, symptoms, causes, and treatment", 2018)
Stage 1 Kidneys work at a 90% functioning rate. Stage 2 works at an 89-60% rate. Stage 3 at
a 59-30% rate. Stage 4 being 29-15% functioning rate and Stage 5 indicates severe kidney
failure at a rate of 15%, known as End Stage. There are two types of Kidney diseases these
are Acute and Chronic. AKF also known as Acute Kidney Failure appears suddenly, naturally
within a few hours or days whereas CKD develops over a long period of time.

Q2. Based upon the laboratory investigation results; the patient’s creatinine levels are
presenting 641 umol/L higher than the standard creatinine levels for an adult male which
ranges from XXXXXXXXXXumol/L. To determine the stage of CKD the patient might be in, follow
the eGFR calculation: Serum Creatinine x Age x Gender. According to the calculation the
patients eGFR level is 8ml/min/1.73m2. (“eGFR calculator”, XXXXXXXXXXThis displays that the
patient is currently in End stage, Stage 5. An efficient and effective management approach
for this patient is Dialysis. The best suited treatment for this patient is Peritoneal Dialysis.
This involves an insertion of a catheter into the abdomen to filter blood through the
peritoneum that will absorb waste products. Peritoneal Dialysis can prolong the patient’s
life expectancy by 5-10 years.










References

("High blood pressure", 2019)
High blood pressure. NeuRA XXXXXXXXXXRetrieved 30 March 2021, from
https://www.neura.edu.au/health/high-blood-
pressure/?gclid=Cj0KCQjw9YWDBhDyARIsADt6sGbOaIwqL-
oiGef4XgTkqpmYD7yLgNtL3wegxYO02CCIv_bwQLaUWKUaApTUEALw_wcB.

("How high blood pressure can affect your body", 2020).
How high blood pressure can affect your body. Mayo Clinic XXXXXXXXXXRetrieved 30 March
2021, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/in-
depth/high-blood-pressure/art-
XXXXXXXXXX#:~:text=Hypertension%20gradually%20increases%20the%20pressure,of%20your
%20arteries'%20inner%20lining.

("5 things you can do to look after your kidneys today", 2021)
5 things you can do to look after your kidneys today. Health.qld.gov.au XXXXXXXXXXRetrieved 30
March 2021, from https://www.health.qld.gov.au/news-events/news/how-to-look-after-
kidney-health-
disease#:~:text=Your%20kidneys%20are%20two%20organs,and%20turn%20these%20into%
20urine

(Craft J et al XXXXXXXXXXUnderstanding Pathophysiology 3e Australia New Zealand 3rd).
Craft, J., Gordon, C., Huether, S., McCance, K., Brashers, V., & Rote, N. Understanding
pathophysiology.

("Kidney failure: Types, symptoms, causes, and treatment", 2018)
Kidney failure: Types, symptoms, causes, and treatment. Medicalnewstoday.com. (2021).
Retrieved 30 March 2021, from
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/327300#stages.

(“eGFR calculator”, 2021)
eGFR calculator. Kidney Health Australia XXXXXXXXXXRetrieved 30 March 2021, from
https://kidney.org.au/health-professionals/egfr-calculator.


https://www.neura.edu.au/health/high-blood-pressure/?gclid=Cj0KCQjw9YWDBhDyARIsADt6sGbOaIwqL-oiGef4XgTkqpmYD7yLgNtL3wegxYO02CCIv_bwQLaUWKUaApTUEALw_wcB
https://www.neura.edu.au/health/high-blood-pressure/?gclid=Cj0KCQjw9YWDBhDyARIsADt6sGbOaIwqL-oiGef4XgTkqpmYD7yLgNtL3wegxYO02CCIv_bwQLaUWKUaApTUEALw_wcB
https://www.neura.edu.au/health/high-blood-pressure/?gclid=Cj0KCQjw9YWDBhDyARIsADt6sGbOaIwqL-oiGef4XgTkqpmYD7yLgNtL3wegxYO02CCIv_bwQLaUWKUaApTUEALw_wcB
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/in-depth/high-blood-pressure/art XXXXXXXXXX#:~:text=Hypertension%20gradually%20increases%20the%20pressure,of%20your%20arteries'%20inner%20lining
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/in-depth/high-blood-pressure/art XXXXXXXXXX#:~:text=Hypertension%20gradually%20increases%20the%20pressure,of%20your%20arteries'%20inner%20lining
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/in-depth/high-blood-pressure/art XXXXXXXXXX#:~:text=Hypertension%20gradually%20increases%20the%20pressure,of%20your%20arteries'%20inner%20lining
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/in-depth/high-blood-pressure/art XXXXXXXXXX#:~:text=Hypertension%20gradually%20increases%20the%20pressure,of%20your%20arteries'%20inner%20lining
https://www.health.qld.gov.au/news-events/news/how-to-look-after-kidney-health-disease#:~:text=Your%20kidneys%20are%20two%20organs,and%20turn%20these%20into%20urine
https://www.health.qld.gov.au/news-events/news/how-to-look-after-kidney-health-disease#:~:text=Your%20kidneys%20are%20two%20organs,and%20turn%20these%20into%20urine
https://www.health.qld.gov.au/news-events/news/how-to-look-after-kidney-health-disease#:~:text=Your%20kidneys%20are%20two%20organs,and%20turn%20these%20into%20urine
https://www.health.qld.gov.au/news-events/news/how-to-look-after-kidney-health-disease#:~:text=Your%20kidneys%20are%20two%20organs,and%20turn%20these%20into%20urine
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/327300#stages
https://kidney.org.au/health-professionals/egfr-calculator
Answered 2 days AfterMay 10, 2021

Solution

Swati Dua answered on May 12 2021
20 Votes

Section A
1. Overall structure
· Unclear
· Vague
· Organized
· Very well structured
2. Demonstrates good theoretical knowledge on problems presented
· Poor
· Fair
·...

Submit New Assignment

Copy and Paste Your Assignment Here